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Special Issue "Viruses of Microbes V: Biodiversity and Future Applications"

A special issue of Viruses (ISSN 1999-4915). This special issue belongs to the section "Bacterial Viruses".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 September 2018

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Dr. Heather E. Allison

Institute of Integrative Biology, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
Website | E-Mail
Interests: the molecular mechanisms that control various aspects of microbial interactions with their environment including the interaction of lambdoid bacteriophages with their bacterial host; the use of metagenomic techniques to identify and characterise novel cellulolytic microbial taxa and the cellulases they produce from land fill and fresh water environments
Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. David Prangishvili

Head of the research group "Viruses of Archaea", Department of Microbiology, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France
Website | E-Mail
Interests: diversity of archaeal viruses: virion structures, genome organisation, structure and function of viral proteins; molecular aspects of virus host interactions in Archaea; biotechnological applications of archaeal viruses and their proteins
Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Ruth-Anne Sandaa

University of Bergen, Department of Biological Sciences, Bergen, Norway
Website | E-Mail
Interests: community dynamics and diversity of viruses infecting photosynthetic organisms like Cyanobacteria (cyanophages) and Phytoplankton (algal viruses); viral-host interactions of cyanophages and algal viruses in the marine environment

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The central theme of this Special Issue will focus on 'Biodiversity and Future Applications' of viruses infecting microbes (algae, archaea, bacteria, fungi, protozoa and viruses). Viruses have always been a key element of microbial diversity and evolution, as well as a tool for a molecular biologist to learn more about how the host-cell functions. This information has also been put to productive use in recent days to control infections and fouling in many areas in our society.

The issue gathers articles covering key areas of ecology, host-virus dynamics, biotechnological, medical aspects, and structural biology. A main objective is to introduce a new understanding of the role that viruses of microbes play in ecosystems and in the sustainable development of human technologies.

Dr. Heather E. Allison
Prof. Dr. David Prangishvili
Prof. Dr. Ruth-Anne Sandaa
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Viruses is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • bacteriophages
  • archaeal viruses
  • cyanophages
  • algal and fungi viruses
  • viral-host interactions
  • structure and function of viral proteins
  • biotechnological applications

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Review

Open AccessReview RNA Phage Biology in a Metagenomic Era
Viruses 2018, 10(7), 386; https://doi.org/10.3390/v10070386
Received: 11 June 2018 / Revised: 19 July 2018 / Accepted: 20 July 2018 / Published: 21 July 2018
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Abstract
The number of novel bacteriophage sequences has expanded significantly as a result of many metagenomic studies of phage populations in diverse environments. Most of these novel sequences bear little or no homology to existing databases (referred to as the “viral dark matter”). Also,
[...] Read more.
The number of novel bacteriophage sequences has expanded significantly as a result of many metagenomic studies of phage populations in diverse environments. Most of these novel sequences bear little or no homology to existing databases (referred to as the “viral dark matter”). Also, these sequences are primarily derived from DNA-encoded bacteriophages (phages) with few RNA phages included. Despite the rapid advancements in high-throughput sequencing, few studies enrich for RNA viruses, i.e., target viral rather than cellular fraction and/or RNA rather than DNA via a reverse transcriptase step, in an attempt to capture the RNA viruses present in a microbial communities. It is timely to compile existing and relevant information about RNA phages to provide an insight into many of their important biological features, which should aid in sequence-based discovery and in their subsequent annotation. Without comprehensive studies, the biological significance of RNA phages has been largely ignored. Future bacteriophage studies should be adapted to ensure they are properly represented in phageomic studies. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Viruses of Microbes V: Biodiversity and Future Applications)
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