Special Issue "Canine Rabies Surveillance, Control and Elimination"

A special issue of Veterinary Sciences (ISSN 2306-7381).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 March 2018

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Dr. Ricardo Castillo-Neyra

Department of Biostatistics, Epidemiology and Informatics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, 715 Blockley Hall, 423 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Website | E-Mail
Interests: epidemiology; One Health; tropical diseases; veterinary public health; zoonoses

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Despite being the oldest zoonotic disease known to humanity, rabies still kills tens of thousands of people each year. Moreover, dog-mediated rabies represents 99% of human cases. Improving surveillance systems and control and elimination programs for canine rabies, therefore, is a global public health imperative and should be at the forefront of veterinary science priorities.

Important progress has been achieved to reduce canine rabies around the world. However, dog-mediated human rabies continues to pose a problem, especially affecting children in underserved areas of Africa, Asia, and the Americas. Recently, multiple international stakeholders have set a visionary and ambitious target for rabies under a new global framework: To eliminate dog-mediated rabies by 2030. Reaching this goal will require a multipronged approach, and several important research questions must be addressed.

Mass dog vaccination continues to be the most cost-effective intervention to control and eliminate rabies. Why are we not reaching the appropriate vaccination coverage in key areas? Surveillance systems are vital for halting canine rabies transmission and must be strengthened. Where are we in the adoption of technologies for canine rabies surveillance? Additionally necessary to achieve this goal are community awareness, strategic communication, and political willingness, topics that benefit drawing from disciplines such as economics and social sciences.

This Special Issue is dedicated to discussing recent developments in canine rabies surveillance, and exploring new control and elimination strategies for canine rabies. The pressing challenges to eliminate canine rabies require transdisciplinary teams and projects; manuscripts using the One Health approach are specially encouraged for this special issue. The Special Issue will highlight new research questions, current challenges, innovative approaches and techniques, and will bring attention to one of the most neglected diseases in the world.

We look forward to your valuable contributions on this interesting and important topic.

Dr. Ricardo Castillo-Neyra
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Veterinary Sciences is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 350 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • Awareness
  • Communication
  • Epidemiology
  • One Health
  • Modeling
  • Neglected diseases
  • Rabies
  • Surveillance system
  • Vaccination
  • Zoonoses

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Open AccessCommunication Qualitative Evaluation of the Five-Year ‘Red Collar’ Campaign to End Inhumane Culling of Dogs as a Method of Rabies Control
Vet. Sci. 2018, 5(1), 18; doi:10.3390/vetsci5010018
Received: 21 December 2017 / Revised: 29 January 2018 / Accepted: 1 February 2018 / Published: 6 February 2018
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Dog-mediated human rabies can be eliminated through mass dog vaccination. Despite leading authorities in human and animal health uniting to advance effective and humane rabies control, some governments resort to lethal methods, which are unethical, often inhumane and ineffective. To end the inhumane
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Dog-mediated human rabies can be eliminated through mass dog vaccination. Despite leading authorities in human and animal health uniting to advance effective and humane rabies control, some governments resort to lethal methods, which are unethical, often inhumane and ineffective. To end the inhumane culling of dogs in response to rabies, World Animal Protection launched ‘Red Collar’; a five-year campaign (2011–2016) that worked with governments to promote the implementation of mass dog vaccination for rabies control. We present the findings from a qualitative evaluation of ‘Red Collar’, conducted both regionally and with national focus on Bangladesh, China, Indonesia, the Philippines and Zanzibar, Tanzania. Through semi-structured interviews and written contributions from stakeholders (n = 54), we compared perceptions of changes with stated campaign goals to capture recommendations for future work. The campaign successfully generated momentum for implementation of mass dog vaccination by targeted governments. Lessons learned were established: Value of a consistent animal welfare ‘voice’; the need to explore the motivations behind culling; the need to capacity build; time required for the ‘ripple effect’ to inspire humane control in other countries; importance of monitoring and evaluation of indicators; time and effort required for exit strategies and prior preparation for a robust response to culling. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Canine Rabies Surveillance, Control and Elimination)
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