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Vet. Sci. 2018, 5(2), 47; https://doi.org/10.3390/vetsci5020047

Field Studies Evaluating Bait Acceptance and Handling by Free-Roaming Dogs in Thailand

1
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kasetsart University, Kamphaeng Saen 73140, Thailand
2
Department of Livestock Development, Ministry of Agriculture, Ratchathewi, Bangok 10400, Thailand
3
IDT Biologika GmbH, Am Pharmapark, 06861 Dessau-Rosslau, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 March 2018 / Revised: 20 April 2018 / Accepted: 3 May 2018 / Published: 4 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Canine Rabies Surveillance, Control and Elimination)
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Abstract

(1) Background: As part of the ongoing endeavor to eliminate dog-mediated human rabies in Thailand, renewed interest has been shown in oral vaccination of dogs as a supplementary tool to increase vaccination coverage of the dog population. (2) Methods: Three different bait types were tested using a hand-out model on the campus of the Kasetsart University and the surrounding temples in Thailand during September 2017, consisting of two industrial manufactured baits (fish meal and egg-flavored) and one bait made from local material (boiled pig intestine placed in collagen casing). A PVC-capsule containing dyed water was inserted in the bait. (3) Results: The fishmeal bait was significantly less often accepted and consumed (50.29%) than the other two baits (intestine bait—79.19%; egg bait—78.77%). Delivery and release of the dyed water in the oral cavity was highest in the egg-flavored bait (84.50%), followed by the intestine bait (76.61%) and fishmeal (54.85%) baits. Bait acceptance was influenced by sex, age, and body size of the dog. Also, the origin of the dogs had a significant effect: temple dogs accepted the baits more often than street dogs. (4) Conclusion: A significant portion of the free-roaming dog population in this study can be vaccinated by offering vaccine baits. View Full-Text
Keywords: rabies; bait; dog; oral vaccination rabies; bait; dog; oral vaccination
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Kasemsuwan, S.; Chanachai, K.; Pinyopummintr, T.; Leelalapongsathon, K.; Sujit, K.; Vos, A. Field Studies Evaluating Bait Acceptance and Handling by Free-Roaming Dogs in Thailand. Vet. Sci. 2018, 5, 47.

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