Special Issue "Applications Based on Symmetrical Characteristics of the Human Body"

A special issue of Symmetry (ISSN 2073-8994).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (15 September 2018)

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Karl Grammer

Department of Anthropology, University of Vienna, Austria
Website | E-Mail
Fax: +43 1 4277 9547
Interests: geometric morphometrics; computer supported analysis and simulation of human behavior; human ethology

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Most organisms are bilaterally symmetric and symmetry is supposed to contribute to biological fitness. Indeed, developmental stability refers to the capacity of an individual to produce a well-developed, symmetrical phenotype in the face of developmental perturbations caused by factors, such as disease, toxins, parasites, etc. The inability of an organism to implement such a developmental program when challenged by developmental stress leads to small random deviations in bilateral symmetry. Such deviations are referred to as fluctuating asymmetry, and may provide a measure of an individual’s exposure to adverse developmental effects and its corresponding ability to resist such stresses.

In humans, there is now considerable evidence that developmental stability relates to numerous biological fitness components. Hence, a symmetrical construction may signal the ability of an individual to cope with challenges in their environment. Numerous studies, for instance, have demonstrated that assessments of attractiveness are sensitive to facial symmetry, and might be linked with reproductive success while physical performance is dependent on symmetrical body construction. However, there are many open questions concerning the mathematical methods uses to assess symmetry and fluctuating asymmetry in 2D and 3D, or which parts of the body are affected by fluctuating asymmetry.

Prof. Dr. Karl Grammer
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Symmetry is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1200 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • The symmetrical human

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Open AccessArticle Human Bodily Asymmetry Relates to Behavioral Lateralization and May not Reliably Reflect Developmental Instability
Symmetry 2018, 10(4), 117; https://doi.org/10.3390/sym10040117
Received: 23 January 2018 / Revised: 7 March 2018 / Accepted: 12 April 2018 / Published: 18 April 2018
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Abstract
(1) Background: The link between behavioral lateralization and bodily asymmetry in humans is studied to investigate the reliability of fluctuating asymmetry as a measure of developmental instability; (2) Methods: Morphological asymmetries of arms and legs, obtained from 3D body scans, were correlated with
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(1) Background: The link between behavioral lateralization and bodily asymmetry in humans is studied to investigate the reliability of fluctuating asymmetry as a measure of developmental instability; (2) Methods: Morphological asymmetries of arms and legs, obtained from 3D body scans, were correlated with different measures of behavioral lateralization; (3) Results: Observed associations were in the directions expected, showing that more asymmetric use of the body increases asymmetry, especially in the arms, and more symmetric body use appears to have a symmetrizing effect; and (4) Conclusions: The results presented here question the suitability of human bodily asymmetry in arms and legs—or at least part of them—as a measure of developmental instability. There is a need for future research that identifies regions of the body that are not affected by behavioral lateralization and can reliably reflect developmental instability. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Applications Based on Symmetrical Characteristics of the Human Body)
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