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Special Issue "Urban Climate Modeling and Assessment in Support of Sustainable Development"

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 June 2018)

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Dr. Jianming Liang

School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe 85282, USA
Website | E-Mail
Interests: urban environment; anthropogenic carbon emissions; urban climate; sustainable energy; GIScience
Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Constantinos Cartalis

Department of Environmental Physics, University Athens, Athens 15125, Greece
Website | E-Mail
Phone: +30-2107-276-774
Interests: urban environment; environmental design of cities; low carbon cities; resilient cities; sustainable urban development
Guest Editor
Dr. Lei Jiang

Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing 210044, China
Website | E-Mail
Interests: regional climate modeling; urban climate
Guest Editor
Dr. Sorin Cheval

Research Institute of University of Bucharest, Bucharest 050107, Romania; Henri Coandă Air Force Academy, Brașov 500183, Romania; National Meteorological Administration, Bucharest 013686, Romania
Website | E-Mail
Interests: urban climate; urban heat island; climate change

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The intensification of human activities has significantly increased greenhouse gas emissions and anthropogenic heat discharge in urban areas. Urbanization, not only changes the spatiotemporal patterns of the urban thermal environment, but also has implications for regional and global climate. Renewable energy development, emissions reduction and heat island mitigation are key targets of urban sustainability policies. To accomplish these targets, further efforts should be made toward a better understanding of the urban climate and energy system at different scales. For example, at the local scale, more accurate estimation of the various components of the urban energy system, such as solar radiation, energy supply and energy consumption, can better support city-level energy planning and, at the regional scale, better quantification of the effects of land use/land cover (LUCC) change on the urban thermal environment, can facilitate high-level policy making.

Dr. Jianming Liang
Prof. Dr. Constantinos Cartalis
Prof. Dr. Lei Jiang
Dr. Sorin Cheval
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Urban climate
  • Urban energy
  • Urban metabolism
  • Urban fluxes
  • Urban heat island
  • Renewable energy
  • Greenhouse gas emissions
  • LUCC change

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Open AccessArticle Effects of Building Design Elements on Residential Thermal Environment
Sustainability 2018, 10(1), 57; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10010057
Received: 19 November 2017 / Revised: 21 December 2017 / Accepted: 25 December 2017 / Published: 28 December 2017
Cited by 3 | PDF Full-text (3548 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Residential thermal environment affects the life of residents in terms of their physical and mental health. Many studies have shown that building design elements affect the urban thermal environment. In this study, Nanjing City was used as the study area. A three-dimensional microclimate
[...] Read more.
Residential thermal environment affects the life of residents in terms of their physical and mental health. Many studies have shown that building design elements affect the urban thermal environment. In this study, Nanjing City was used as the study area. A three-dimensional microclimate model was used to simulate and analyze the effects of four main factors, namely, building height, density, layout and green ratio, on thermal environment in residential areas. Results showed that 25% building density obtained a low average air temperature (ATa) and average predicted mean vote (APMV) during 24 h. Thus, a higher building height indicates a lower ATa and APMV and better outdoor comfort level. In addition, peripheral layout had the lowest ATa and APMV, followed by the determinant and point group layouts. The green ratio increased from 0% to 50% with a 10% step and the ATa and APMV decreased gradually. However, when the green ratio increased from 30% to 40%, ATa and APMV decreased most. The effects of building height, density and green ratio on the thermal environment in residential areas were interactive. The effects of building density, green ratio and layout on hourly air temperature and hourly predicted mean vote in daytime varied from these indicators during night time. How the four building design elements interact with thermal environment were probed from two aspects of air temperature and thermal comfort based on the validated ENVI-met, which is the element of novelty in this study. However, thermal comfort has rarely been considered in the past studies about urban outdoor thermal environment. Full article
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