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Special Issue "Alliances and Network Organizations for Sustainable Development"

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 June 2018

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Dr. Włodzimierz Sroka

Associate professor at the Management Department, Faculty of Applied Sciences, University of Dąbrowa Górnicza, Cieplaka str. 1c, 41-300 Dąbrowa Górnicza, Poland
E-Mail
Interests: strategic alliances; network organizations; coopetition; strategic management; CSR and business ethics; innovations and entrepreneurship; restructuring of the company
Guest Editor
Dr. Joanna Cygler

Associate professor at the Collegium of Business Administration of the Warsaw School of Economics, Niepodległości Ave. 162, 02-554 Warsaw, Poland
E-Mail
Interests: strategic alliances; network relations; international cooperation; strategic management; FDI; innovation

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The boom in research focused on bilateral and multilateral relationships, especially in the economic and organizational dimensions, dates back to the mid-twentieth century, being particularly intense over the last thirty years. This is mainly a result of the growing importance of cooperative relationships, including alliances and networks to the success of the company’s growth strategy.

Cooperation with other companies stimulates organizational flexibility and the actions of the parties involved, allowing for specialization, a higher return on investment than the costs of investment itself, economies of scale, scope and synergies. It also facilitates and accelerates the internationalization of companies as well as their industrial diversification. It is thus easier to overcome market and cultural differences.

Alliances and networks also generate benefits by reducing the risk associated with activities in the field of R&D. Apart from the cost reduction and opportunities for the faster, cheaper and easier acquisition of new technologies, they promote the implementation of quality, technology and market behaviour standards. In light of the resource concept, functioning in the inter-organizational relationships creates an opportunity to obtain valuable resources which otherwise would be more expensive, or even impossible, to acquire. Due to the turbulent environment and the phenomenon of hyper-competition, the companies seek resources which are more difficult to copy and substitute. Therefore, they are keenly interested in intangible resources within the framework of network connections. Access to information is regarded as the most crucial resource resulting from cooperation with other firms in both bilateral and multilateral relations.

We believe, however, that the benefits associated with inter-firm relationships—which are very significant—may be used not only as an instrument for the improvement of the companies’ competitive advantage (i.e. in a narrow context), but also in a much wider context. In other words, we claim that inter-firm relationships, especially alliances and network organizations, may be regarded as a useful tool for sustainable development. Given this, the Special Issue on “Alliances and network organizations for sustainable development” fulfils a considerable gap in the literature. It encourages a diverse set of submissions and we will welcome papers that, inter alia, refer to (but are not limited to), themes such as:

·   Creation of alliances and network connections stimulating sustainable development
·   Short term vs. long term effects of cooperation in the frame of alliances and networks
·   Management of alliances and networks
·   Pathologies of alliance and networks affecting sustainable development   
·   Influence of alliance and networks on sustainable development
·   Alliance and network capabilities supporting sustainable development
·   Role of HR in inter-firm cooperation for sustainable development
·   Managing supply chain networks
·   Inter-organizational relations as the value creation stimulator
·   Cultural context of inter-organizational relations
·   Inter-organizational cooperation and an innovation of the parties (open innovation)
·   Coopetition in alliances and network organizations

The insights gained will be useful both for students, practitioners, as well as policy makers.

Dr. Włodzimierz Sroka
Dr. Joanna Cygler
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Published Papers (14 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle Applying Blockchain Technology: Evidence from Norwegian Companies
Sustainability 2018, 10(6), 1985; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10061985 (registering DOI)
Received: 30 April 2018 / Revised: 26 May 2018 / Accepted: 7 June 2018 / Published: 13 June 2018
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Abstract
The aim of this study is to develop a theoretical framework for blockchain, operations in particular. Furthermore, we aim to identify the main drivers and barriers of digital innovation and explore the general possibilities of blockchain applications within the maritime industry. A case
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The aim of this study is to develop a theoretical framework for blockchain, operations in particular. Furthermore, we aim to identify the main drivers and barriers of digital innovation and explore the general possibilities of blockchain applications within the maritime industry. A case study approach is applied: the Norwegian offshore industry. Primary data is collected through interviews, while secondary data is collected from industrial and company reports, the Internet, and national and international media reports. We have discovered that cost reduction intentions, the high level of regulation in the maritime industry, and the large amount of data that maritime companies should process, along with the intention to work more effectively, are the main drivers of digital innovation. On the other hand, the high cost of implementation, the bad quality of Internet connections offshore, the old age of decision-makers, the technology-oriented culture, the lack of investment initiatives, the low level of blockchain diffusion through the supply chain, and risk aversion are the main barriers. The results of the qualitative study show that some of the barriers and motives of digital innovation and the introduction to blockchain technology were pointed out by earlier studies. However, we have identified several unique drivers and barriers specific to the industry. Finally, the blockchain process framework is developed. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alliances and Network Organizations for Sustainable Development)
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Open AccessArticle Uncovering Patterns of Location of Brownfields to Facilitate Their Regeneration: Some Remarks from the Czech Republic
Sustainability 2018, 10(6), 1984; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10061984 (registering DOI)
Received: 30 April 2018 / Revised: 7 June 2018 / Accepted: 11 June 2018 / Published: 13 June 2018
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Abstract
The issue of brownfield regeneration is closely connected to balanced and sustainable development of regions, towns, and cities as it endeavors to reuse buildings and sites that have already lost their original use, but at the same time offers a possibility to generate
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The issue of brownfield regeneration is closely connected to balanced and sustainable development of regions, towns, and cities as it endeavors to reuse buildings and sites that have already lost their original use, but at the same time offers a possibility to generate new beneficial activities for the whole society that exceed just material or physical changes of the brownfield sites. The regeneration of every brownfield is usually a highly site-specific issue and individual and unique impacts of regeneration on the particular locality are obvious. Yet, several patterns in sets of non-regenerated brownfields can be identified. By finding and defining such patterns, a framework of indicators to facilitate brownfield regeneration can be created and the importance and strength of a particular indicator can be defined. By means of the analyses, we are able to recommend various relevant and most suitable approaches with regards to brownfield regeneration in individual regions. We have employed Factor Analysis (FA) for the identification of key factors of brownfield regeneration. In particular, Principal Component Analysis (PCA) was applied to conduct analyses of 1304 non-regenerated brownfields located in seven regions of the Czech Republic (NUTS 3 level). Data were obtained from publicly available brownfield databases of individual regional administrations. By means of Factor Analysis, it was ascertained that the most frequent factor that is typical for the surveyed non-regenerated brownfields is the ownership. The second most frequent factor is the size of the brownfields. As the third factor according to importance, the distance between the location of the individual brownfield and the municipality of extended powers (the so-called small district) was identified. By taking into account the results of the conducted analyses, brownfield regeneration policies of individual regions might be adapted to be more suitably targeted. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alliances and Network Organizations for Sustainable Development)
Open AccessArticle The Sharing of Benefits from a Logistics Alliance Based on a Hub-Spoke Network: A Cooperative Game Theoretic Approach
Sustainability 2018, 10(6), 1855; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10061855
Received: 26 April 2018 / Revised: 27 May 2018 / Accepted: 28 May 2018 / Published: 3 June 2018
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Abstract
This study investigates a strategic alliance as a horizontal cooperation in the logistics and transportation industries by considering various sharing rules with a cooperative game approach. Through forging a strategic alliance, carriers gain extra benefits from resource sharing and high efficiency resource utilization.
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This study investigates a strategic alliance as a horizontal cooperation in the logistics and transportation industries by considering various sharing rules with a cooperative game approach. Through forging a strategic alliance, carriers gain extra benefits from resource sharing and high efficiency resource utilization. In particular, our research focuses on the cost savings from using larger vehicles utilizing collective market demand and regarding them as benefits of cooperation. The model conceptualizes the characteristic function of cost savings by coalitions that take into account the hub-spoke network which is common in transportation services. To share the improved profits fairly between members, we use different allocation schemes: the Shapley value, the core center, the τ -value, and the nucleolus. By analyzing those cooperative game theoretic solutions employing an alliance composed of three carriers, we investigate whether satisfaction in this specific coalition provides an incentive for carriers to join such a coalition. Our results from the analysis, with respect to fair allocation schemes, provide a practical and academic foundation for further research. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alliances and Network Organizations for Sustainable Development)
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Open AccessArticle Ensuring the Long-Term Sustainability Cooperation with Stakeholders of Sports Organizations in SLOVAKIA
Sustainability 2018, 10(6), 1833; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10061833
Received: 23 April 2018 / Revised: 13 May 2018 / Accepted: 28 May 2018 / Published: 1 June 2018
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Abstract
Organizations, nowadays, operate in highly dynamically-developing environments. This fact also applies to sports organizations, which are looking for various ways to succeed or survive in these environments. There are various solutions available, but from a long-term perspective it is important for sports organizations
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Organizations, nowadays, operate in highly dynamically-developing environments. This fact also applies to sports organizations, which are looking for various ways to succeed or survive in these environments. There are various solutions available, but from a long-term perspective it is important for sports organizations to think in a complex way. One of the solutions of this issue is to ensure the long-term sustainability and development of these organizations. The aim of this paper is to focus on strategic factors in the management of mutual relationships with stakeholders. The importance of managing cooperation with stakeholders is very high for the achievement of both short-term and long-term objectives. This paper presents, in addition to the results of research aimed at the cooperation of sports organizations and their stakeholders (425 respondents participated in the research), solutions to issues currently troubling sports organizations in this field. These issues include the lack of funds for the functioning of the sports organization, as well as the insufficient size of sports organization membership. Sports organizations cannot only reduce the intensity of these issues, but can also eliminate them by utilising selected key factors in the management of mutual relationships with stakeholders. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alliances and Network Organizations for Sustainable Development)
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Open AccessArticle Cross-Border M&A and the Acquirers’ Innovation Performance: An Empirical Study in China
Sustainability 2018, 10(6), 1796; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10061796
Received: 16 April 2018 / Revised: 7 May 2018 / Accepted: 25 May 2018 / Published: 30 May 2018
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Abstract
This paper, firstly, empirically examines the relationship between Chinese companies’ cross-border mergers and acquisitions and the acquirers’ innovation performance. Secondly, it investigates the moderate effects of industrial policy and intellectual property protection on the relationship between cross-border M&A and the acquirers’ innovation performance.
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This paper, firstly, empirically examines the relationship between Chinese companies’ cross-border mergers and acquisitions and the acquirers’ innovation performance. Secondly, it investigates the moderate effects of industrial policy and intellectual property protection on the relationship between cross-border M&A and the acquirers’ innovation performance. At the same time, based on the perspective of corporate heterogeneity, the effect of state-owned equity on the above-mentioned moderate relationship was analyzed. The conclusions are as follows: First, Chinese companies’ cross-border acquisitions have significantly improved the acquirers’ innovation performance. Second, industrial policies negatively affect the relationship between cross-border mergers and acquisitions and the acquirers’ innovation performance. Third, the moderating role of intellectual property protection is not stable. Fourth, state-owned equity negatively affects the relationship between cross-border M&A and the acquirers’ innovation performance; the third-order interaction of state-owned equity on intellectual property protection, cross-border mergers and acquisitions, and the acquirers’ innovation performance shows that the special relationship between state-owned enterprises and the government not only failed to help them make better use of intellectual property protection for technological innovation, it also adversely hindered the realization of its innovative performance. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alliances and Network Organizations for Sustainable Development)
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Open AccessArticle Networked Responsibility Approach for Responsible Innovation: Perspective of the Firm
Sustainability 2018, 10(6), 1720; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10061720
Received: 18 March 2018 / Revised: 14 May 2018 / Accepted: 14 May 2018 / Published: 24 May 2018
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Abstract
Responsible innovations in the industry gains important attention, however, a better understanding of the interaction of different components with regard to responsible innovation (RI) in the industry is still needed. Moreover, a firm acting in an open innovation regime has to approach the
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Responsible innovations in the industry gains important attention, however, a better understanding of the interaction of different components with regard to responsible innovation (RI) in the industry is still needed. Moreover, a firm acting in an open innovation regime has to approach the responsibility criteria from various stakeholders’ perspectives, include internal and external stakeholders, and execute innovation in a mutually responsible way. This paper builds on the existing and emerging literature on RI in commercial contexts by providing a networked nature of RI and a set of factors that drive RI in a firm that acts in the open innovation regime. The conceptual framework proposes the analysis of a firm’s inner environment (motives for implementing RI, RI practices, and internal stakeholders), outer environment (norms and external stakeholders), and the networked nature of the firm’s internal and outer environment components. Such a distinction enables us to gain a better understanding of which factors play a role inside the firm and what induces the firm to implement RI activities from its outer environment. Also, it helps to better understand the networked nature of the firm and its stakeholders. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alliances and Network Organizations for Sustainable Development)
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Open AccessArticle Sustainable Planning of Cross-Border Cooperation: A Strategy for Alliances in Border Cities
Sustainability 2018, 10(5), 1416; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10051416
Received: 26 March 2018 / Revised: 24 April 2018 / Accepted: 29 April 2018 / Published: 3 May 2018
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Abstract
In recent years, cooperation among nations has become a critical issue towards sustainable development of neighbor cities in border areas. In this regard, sustainable common planning approaches and policies are an increasing reality, particularly in European territories. Considering the significant amount of cross-border
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In recent years, cooperation among nations has become a critical issue towards sustainable development of neighbor cities in border areas. In this regard, sustainable common planning approaches and policies are an increasing reality, particularly in European territories. Considering the significant amount of cross-border cooperation (CBC) projects and strategies within Europe, it is crucial to promote research approaches that are able to identify the most positive approaches towards the establishment of alliances in border territories, serving as pivotal methodologies for achieving success. Contextually, the present study considered direct and indirect research methods and tools, literature reviews, data collection, computer-assisted telephone interviewing (CATI) and computer-assisted web interview (CAWI), all applied over two European border cities: Cieszyn (Poland) and Cesky Tesin (Czech Republic). These methods enabled the assembly of perspectives of local authorities, public and private institutions, non-governmental organizations, and entrepreneurs from the cities under study. Through the analysis of the collected data, five conditions have been identified for the success of strategic alliances in CBC projects: (i) well defining the alliance goals; (ii) ensuring participation in the alliance of various groups of stakeholders; (iii) involvement of both partners with extensive experience in CBC; (iv) ensuring the coherence of the key objective; and (v) guaranteeing the alliance benefits both sides. These conditions might effectively contribute to achieve more successful outputs in CBC projects, highlighting the relevance of previously developed strategies on the definition of future approaches. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alliances and Network Organizations for Sustainable Development)
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Open AccessArticle The Impact of Intelligent Transportation System Implementations on the Sustainable Growth of Passenger Transport in EU Regions
Sustainability 2018, 10(5), 1318; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10051318
Received: 29 March 2018 / Revised: 19 April 2018 / Accepted: 22 April 2018 / Published: 24 April 2018
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Abstract
This article discusses original studies that demonstrate the relation between developed elements of the transportation network (road system density; railway system density; number of regional railway and bus connections, length of regional railway and bus connections, online accessibility to transportation services and other
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This article discusses original studies that demonstrate the relation between developed elements of the transportation network (road system density; railway system density; number of regional railway and bus connections, length of regional railway and bus connections, online accessibility to transportation services and other services related to the development of IT techniques to benefit mass transit) and the regional GNP. A new development relative to preceding studies (as quoted) is that the correlation coefficients calculated do not indicate any essential interrelations between elements of the transport system, or even the number of regional passenger transport services and regional GNP. A determination of the remaining data interrelations indicated the elements of the network which are considered essential to the development of mass transit, as resulting from a study carried out for the first time in 2015 for the Górnośląska-Zagłębioska Metropolis. Considering the fact that the number of railway connections has proven to be the most important determinant of the overall number of passenger transport services, the second part of the article presents studies that focus on the modeling of the railway network, applying the graph theory (extensively applied for ITS). Selected optimized models were analyzed and assessed in terms of possible implementability of specific improvements and the resultant growth in the number of passenger transport services. The research method applied was not novel, but the conclusions drawn from it were surprising, as they indicated that an optimized network of railway connections would not cause any significant increase in the number of passenger transport services. Successive surveys (supplementing statistical analyses) have confirmed the importance of ITS in increasing the share of mass transit in overall transit. (1) The study was carried out in Polish regions, with particular emphasis on Silesia. (2) Its conclusions emphasize the importance of data accumulated for ITS in decision-making processes aiming to ensure the sustainable development of mass/passenger transport. The article confirms a hypothesis which claims that “modeling the regional public transportation grid, applying the principles of ITS, stimulates a growth in the share of passenger transport in the overall bulk of transport, thus contributing to the sustainable development of the region”. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alliances and Network Organizations for Sustainable Development)
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Open AccessArticle Sustainable Supply Chain Management in Small and Medium Enterprises
Sustainability 2018, 10(4), 1143; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10041143
Received: 17 February 2018 / Revised: 5 April 2018 / Accepted: 6 April 2018 / Published: 11 April 2018
Cited by 1 | PDF Full-text (412 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
The sector of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) plays a key role in the economies of all of the countries in the world. These entities constitute the basis for the development of the national and global economies. In a contemporary complex and competitive
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The sector of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) plays a key role in the economies of all of the countries in the world. These entities constitute the basis for the development of the national and global economies. In a contemporary complex and competitive business environment, the adaptation of appropriate strategies is a particularly important effort to furthering the development of companies from the SMEs sector. In this context, the application of the concept of sustainable supply chain management (SCM) in the operation strategy of SMEs seems to be a very important function. This supply chain also covers all three aspects of sustainable development: business, environmental, and social. The purpose of this article is to present the current state of the research in sustainable development in relation to managing the supply chain of SMEs, as well as the empirical findings in this area. The results found that all of the sustainability areas were very important in the supply chain management practices of the studied SMEs, despite the imbalance described in the literature. The study also presents the most important elements in the particular sustainability areas of SCM and SMEs. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alliances and Network Organizations for Sustainable Development)
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Open AccessArticle Building Customer Loyalty in Rural Destinations as a Pre-Condition of Sustainable Competitiveness
Sustainability 2018, 10(4), 957; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10040957
Received: 25 January 2018 / Revised: 15 March 2018 / Accepted: 21 March 2018 / Published: 26 March 2018
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Abstract
The paper is dedicated to the issues of rural tourism with regard to the visitor’s loyalty towards the destination in a sustainable development context. Particularly, the findings of the research focused on exploring mutual relations among quality dimensions of the rural destination, overall
[...] Read more.
The paper is dedicated to the issues of rural tourism with regard to the visitor’s loyalty towards the destination in a sustainable development context. Particularly, the findings of the research focused on exploring mutual relations among quality dimensions of the rural destination, overall satisfaction of the visitor, and his or her loyalty towards the destination are presented. A structural model was used to explore the relations among quality dimensions, overall satisfaction, and loyalty in the specific environment of the Czech Republic (inland European country, EU member, until 1989 a socialist country, nearly 93% municipalities with fewer than 3000 inhabitants). The research results allow deeper understanding of the visitor’s behavior and the factors influencing the loyalty towards the destination. The significance order of the dimensions according to their direct influence on the required loyalty towards the destination, i.e., coming back to the destination and spreading positive references to the destination, is as follows: 1. well-being, 2. image, 3. services. We conclude that overall satisfaction directly influences loyalty towards the destination. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alliances and Network Organizations for Sustainable Development)
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Open AccessArticle Social Network Analysis of Scientific Articles Published by Food Policy
Sustainability 2018, 10(3), 577; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10030577
Received: 8 February 2018 / Revised: 18 February 2018 / Accepted: 21 February 2018 / Published: 26 February 2018
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Abstract
The article analyses co-authorship and co-citation networks in Food Policy, which is the most important agricultural policy journal in the field of agricultural economics. The paper highlights the principal researchers in this field together with their authorship and citation networks on the basis
[...] Read more.
The article analyses co-authorship and co-citation networks in Food Policy, which is the most important agricultural policy journal in the field of agricultural economics. The paper highlights the principal researchers in this field together with their authorship and citation networks on the basis of 714 articles written between 2006 and 2015. Results suggest that the majority of the articles were written by a small number of researchers, indicating that groups and central authors play an important role in scientific advances. It also turns out that the number of articles and the central role played in the network are not related, contrary to expectations. Results also suggest that groups cite themselves more often than average, thereby boosting the scientific advancement of their own members. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alliances and Network Organizations for Sustainable Development)
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Open AccessArticle Czech Machinery Cluster and Its Role in Sustainable Development of Moravian-Silesian Enterprises during the Post-Transformation Era
Sustainability 2018, 10(2), 239; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10020239
Received: 19 December 2017 / Revised: 12 January 2018 / Accepted: 17 January 2018 / Published: 23 January 2018
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Abstract
The paper intends to contribute to the field of geographical economics by an extensive questionnaire survey carried out in Moravian-Silesian region, which represents one of territories of traditional industry in the Czech Republic. The purpose of this paper is to analyse and assess
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The paper intends to contribute to the field of geographical economics by an extensive questionnaire survey carried out in Moravian-Silesian region, which represents one of territories of traditional industry in the Czech Republic. The purpose of this paper is to analyse and assess the co-operation among enterprises, educational institutions, and public administration from the perspective of sustainability in the Moravian-Silesian region during its post-transformation era. The article deals specifically with the Czech machinery cluster. The research question that lies behind the survey is as follows: Is the co-operation of entities present in the Czech machinery cluster beneficial to the parties involved? The contribution of the paper is in uncovering the role of this cluster in the sustainable development of Moravian-Silesian enterprises during post-transformation period. Since the Moravian-Silesian region is a typical old industrial region, which moreover underwent a difficult transformation process, there are numerous peculiarities in functioning of its enterprises. Machinery was traditionally one of the supportive pillars of regional industry and it is not surprising that the machinery cluster was created as the first one. Yet, regional characteristics lie behind specific trajectories towards economic sustainability. The above ways toward economic sustainability differ markedly from the concepts that are in vogue in developed western territories. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alliances and Network Organizations for Sustainable Development)
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Open AccessArticle The Analysis of the Determinants of Sustainable Cross-Border Cooperation and Recommendations on Its Harmonization
Sustainability 2017, 9(12), 2226; https://doi.org/10.3390/su9122226
Received: 8 October 2017 / Revised: 10 November 2017 / Accepted: 28 November 2017 / Published: 1 December 2017
Cited by 4 | PDF Full-text (1538 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Cross-border partnerships are a distinctive example of inter-organizational cooperation, embedded, in terms of territory, in the neighboring borderland regions of two or more countries. The aim of this paper is to identify factors that contribute to the sustainable cross-border cooperation and affect motivation
[...] Read more.
Cross-border partnerships are a distinctive example of inter-organizational cooperation, embedded, in terms of territory, in the neighboring borderland regions of two or more countries. The aim of this paper is to identify factors that contribute to the sustainable cross-border cooperation and affect motivation to increase cooperation between cross-border partners. The objective implementation is connected with the verification of a hypothesis referring to the possible impact of the European Union funds on the trans-boundary cooperation transformations. Results of desk research and quantitative research involving IDI, CATI, CAWI and CATI and PAPI data collection methods, implemented in the Polish–Czech borderland in 2016 were used in this paper. Research on the Polish–Lithuanian borderland was also used in the paper to conduct comparative analysis, useful to identify and evaluate factors motivating sustainable cross-border cooperation in the Czech–Polish borderland. The sustainable, cross-border and inter-organizational cooperation in the borderlands results from the simultaneous interaction of three groups of factors: (1) people and institutions (the quality of interpersonal relationships); (2) cross-border planning, procedures and support mechanisms (e.g., the possibility of jointly planning the cross-border cooperation and obtaining EU funds for the development of the borderlands as well as the availability of other funds helpful in this kind of cooperation); and (3) environment (historical affinity and geographical proximity of neighboring border regions, system support at the regional and local level in neighboring countries). Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alliances and Network Organizations for Sustainable Development)
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Open AccessArticle Typology and Success Factors of Collaboration for Sustainable Growth in the IT Service Industry
Sustainability 2017, 9(11), 2017; https://doi.org/10.3390/su9112017
Received: 8 October 2017 / Revised: 28 October 2017 / Accepted: 30 October 2017 / Published: 3 November 2017
Cited by 2 | PDF Full-text (920 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Recently, innovative changes in information technology (IT) trends, such as cloud computing and deep learning, have led IT companies to focus on collaboration for sustainable growth. This paper investigates collaboration strategies and success factors for IT service companies via a survey-based empirical study
[...] Read more.
Recently, innovative changes in information technology (IT) trends, such as cloud computing and deep learning, have led IT companies to focus on collaboration for sustainable growth. This paper investigates collaboration strategies and success factors for IT service companies via a survey-based empirical study of Korean leading IT firms. Four types of collaboration were identified by considering the types of customer relationship and the target market: offshore, joint venture, collaboration with small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), and partnership with major local firms. Then, based on a Plan-Do-See management activity process, this paper considers success factors in the planning process and collaboration process, and analyzes an impact of these factors on collaboration performance such as financial performance, process innovation, improving competitiveness, and technology acquisition. As a result, the success factors differ according to the types of performance measures as well as the collaboration types. In particular, the characteristics of partners positively influence competitiveness in captive and global markets, while they improve process innovation in open and domestic markets. This study attempts to provide insight for companies in the IT service industry about how collaboration activities could enhance performance, depending on the alliance types. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alliances and Network Organizations for Sustainable Development)
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