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Special Issue "Innovative Smart Sensors for Control Systems"

A special issue of Sensors (ISSN 1424-8220). This special issue belongs to the section "Physical Sensors".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (15 November 2017)

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Prof. Luigi Fortuna

Dipartimento di Ingegneria Elettrica Elettronica e Informatica, Universita degli Studi di Catania, Viale A. Doria 6, 95125 Catania, Italy
Website | E-Mail
Interests: circuits and systems for automatic control; dynamics of networks; electronic analog devices for sensor and controller; control of nonlinear circuits; biorobotics; nonlinear networks
Guest Editor
Dr. Arturo Buscarino

Universitá degli Studi di Catania, Dipartimento Elettrico Elettronico e Sistemistico, viale A. Doria 695125 Catania, Italy
Website | E-Mail
Interests: nonlinear circuits for energy, distributed networks dyanmics, control of large scale systems, Tokamak and nuclear fusion Control

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

This Special Issue will focus on the subject of smart sensors and control systems, with a particular emphasis on the description of how low cost sensors can contribute to get simple and efficient control actions. Papers discussing new sensor ideas, including new materials, will be welcome. Moreover, contributions including equipment that operate thanks to the added value of their intrinsic nonlinearities will be highly considered. Potential authors must also propose validated innovative sensing principles. Both experimental works on sensors and the proposal of new measurement paradigms will be strongly considered. Learning sensors, dynamical networks of sensors that represent further perspectives for smart sensors in innovative control systems, will be also a topic of the Special Issue.

Prof. Dr. Luigi Fortuna
Prof. Dr. Arturo Buscarino
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sensors is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • soft sensors
  • new devices for sensor hardware
  • networks of sensors
  • smart materials toward sensors and control
  • sensors for network based control
  • control by using smart sensors
  • control of smart sensors
  • smart sensors from micro to macro system control

Published Papers (6 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle A Novel Attitude Determination System Aided by Polarization Sensor
Sensors 2018, 18(1), 158; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18010158
Received: 8 November 2017 / Revised: 3 January 2018 / Accepted: 4 January 2018 / Published: 9 January 2018
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Abstract
This paper aims to develop a novel attitude determination system aided by polarization sensor. An improved heading angle function is derived using the perpendicular relationship between directions of E-vector of linearly polarized light and solar vector in the atmospheric polarization distribution model. The
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This paper aims to develop a novel attitude determination system aided by polarization sensor. An improved heading angle function is derived using the perpendicular relationship between directions of E-vector of linearly polarized light and solar vector in the atmospheric polarization distribution model. The Extended Kalman filter (EKF) with quaternion differential equation as a dynamic model is applied to fuse the data from sensors. The covariance functions of filter process and measurement noises are deduced in detail. The indoor and outdoor tests are conducted to verify the validity and feasibility of proposed attitude determination system. The test results showed that polarization sensor is not affected by magnetic field, thus the proposed system can work properly in environments containing the magnetic interference. The results also showed that proposed system has higher measurement accuracy than common attitude determination system and can provide precise parameters for Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) flight control. The main contribution of this paper is implementation of the EKF for incorporating the self-developed polarization sensor into the conventional attitude determination system. The real-world experiment with the quad-rotor proved that proposed system can work in a magnetic interference environment and provide sufficient accuracy in attitude determination for autonomous navigation of vehicle. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Innovative Smart Sensors for Control Systems)
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Open AccessArticle Development and Application of Eddy Current Sensor Arrays for Process Integrated Inspection of Carbon Fibre Preforms
Sensors 2018, 18(1), 4; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18010004
Received: 7 November 2017 / Revised: 14 December 2017 / Accepted: 15 December 2017 / Published: 21 December 2017
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Abstract
This publication presents the realisation of a sensor concept, which is based on eddy current testing, to detect textile defects during preforming of semi-finished carbon fibre parts. The presented system has the potential for 100% control of manufactured carbon fibre based components, allowing
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This publication presents the realisation of a sensor concept, which is based on eddy current testing, to detect textile defects during preforming of semi-finished carbon fibre parts. The presented system has the potential for 100% control of manufactured carbon fibre based components, allowing the immediate exclusion of defective parts from further process steps. The core innovation of this system is given by the high degree of process integration, which has not been implemented in the state of the art. The publication presents the functional principle of the sensor that is based on half-transmission probes as well as the signals that can be gained by its application. Furthermore, a method to determine the optimum sensor resolution is presented as well as the sensor housing and its integration in the preforming process. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Innovative Smart Sensors for Control Systems)
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Open AccessArticle Laser-Interferometric Broadband Seismometer for Epicenter Location Estimation
Sensors 2017, 17(10), 2423; https://doi.org/10.3390/s17102423
Received: 30 August 2017 / Revised: 27 September 2017 / Accepted: 5 October 2017 / Published: 23 October 2017
Cited by 2 | PDF Full-text (710 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
In this paper, we suggest a seismic signal measurement system that uses a laser interferometer. The heterodyne laser interferometer is used as a seismometer due to its high accuracy and robustness. Seismic data measured by the laser interferometer is used to analyze crucial
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In this paper, we suggest a seismic signal measurement system that uses a laser interferometer. The heterodyne laser interferometer is used as a seismometer due to its high accuracy and robustness. Seismic data measured by the laser interferometer is used to analyze crucial earthquake characteristics. To measure P-S time more precisely, the short time Fourier transform and instantaneous frequency estimation methods are applied to the intensity signal ( I y ) of the laser interferometer. To estimate the epicenter location, the range difference of arrival algorithm is applied with the P-S time result. The linear matrix equation of the epicenter localization can be derived using P-S time data obtained from more than three observatories. We prove the performance of the proposed algorithm through simulation and experimental results. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Innovative Smart Sensors for Control Systems)
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Open AccessArticle Outlier Detection for Sensor Systems (ODSS): A MATLAB Macro for Evaluating Microphone Sensor Data Quality
Sensors 2017, 17(10), 2329; https://doi.org/10.3390/s17102329
Received: 28 August 2017 / Revised: 29 September 2017 / Accepted: 10 October 2017 / Published: 13 October 2017
PDF Full-text (1703 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text | Supplementary Files
Abstract
Microphone sensor systems provide information that may be used for a variety of applications. Such systems generate large amounts of data. One concern is with microphone failure and unusual values that may be generated as part of the information collection process. This paper
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Microphone sensor systems provide information that may be used for a variety of applications. Such systems generate large amounts of data. One concern is with microphone failure and unusual values that may be generated as part of the information collection process. This paper describes methods and a MATLAB graphical interface that provides rapid evaluation of microphone performance and identifies irregularities. The approach and interface are described. An application to a microphone array used in a wind tunnel is used to illustrate the methodology. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Innovative Smart Sensors for Control Systems)
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Open AccessArticle Event-Driven Observer-Based Smart-Sensors for Output Feedback Control of Linear Systems
Sensors 2017, 17(9), 2028; https://doi.org/10.3390/s17092028
Received: 25 July 2017 / Revised: 20 August 2017 / Accepted: 31 August 2017 / Published: 4 September 2017
Cited by 1 | PDF Full-text (1056 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
This paper deals with a recent design of event-driven observer-based smart sensors for output feedback control of linear systems. We re-design the triggering mechanism proposed in a previously reported system with the implementation of self-sampling data smart sensors; as a result, we improve
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This paper deals with a recent design of event-driven observer-based smart sensors for output feedback control of linear systems. We re-design the triggering mechanism proposed in a previously reported system with the implementation of self-sampling data smart sensors; as a result, we improve its performance. Our approach is theoretically supported by using Lyapunov theory and numerically evidenced by controlling the inverted pendulum on the cart mechanism. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Innovative Smart Sensors for Control Systems)
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Open AccessArticle LDMOS Channel Thermometer Based on a Thermal Resistance Sensor for Balancing Temperature in Monolithic Power ICs
Sensors 2017, 17(6), 1397; https://doi.org/10.3390/s17061397
Received: 16 April 2017 / Revised: 8 June 2017 / Accepted: 10 June 2017 / Published: 15 June 2017
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Abstract
This paper presents a method of thermal balancing for monolithic power integrated circuits (ICs). An on-chip temperature monitoring sensor that consists of a poly resistor strip in each of multiple parallel MOSFET banks is developed. A temperature-to-frequency converter (TFC) is proposed to quantize
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This paper presents a method of thermal balancing for monolithic power integrated circuits (ICs). An on-chip temperature monitoring sensor that consists of a poly resistor strip in each of multiple parallel MOSFET banks is developed. A temperature-to-frequency converter (TFC) is proposed to quantize on-chip temperature. A pulse-width-modulation (PWM) methodology is developed to balance the channel temperature based on the quantization. The modulated PWM pulses control the hottest of metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET) bank to reduce its power dissipation and heat generation. A test chip with eight parallel MOSFET banks is fabricated in TSMC 0.25 μm HV BCD processes, and total area is 900 × 914 μm2. The maximal temperature variation among the eight banks can reduce to 2.8 °C by the proposed thermal balancing system from 9.5 °C with 1.5 W dissipation. As a result, our proposed system improves the lifetime of a power MOSFET by 20%. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Innovative Smart Sensors for Control Systems)
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