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Special Issue "Nitride Ceramics: Synthesis, Properties and Applications"

A special issue of Materials (ISSN 1996-1944).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2018

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Dr. Emanuel Ionescu

Technische Universität Darmstadt, Institute for Materials Science, Jovanka-Bontschits-Strasse 2, D-64287 Darmstadt, Germany
Y Universität zu Köln, Institute for Inorganic Chemistry, Greinstrasse 6, 50939 Köln, Germany
Website | E-Mail
Fax: +49-6151-16-6346
Interests: nanocomposite materials; ceramic nanocomposites; ultrahigh-temperature stable materials; multifunctional nanocomposites; single-source-precursor-based syntheses; materials chemistry; organometallic and polymer chemistry
Co-Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Samuel Bernard

SPCTS (UMR CNRS 7315), European Ceramic Center, Limoges-France European Membrane Institute, Montpellier-France
Website | E-Mail
Interests: boron nitride; silicon nitride; transition metal nitride; aluminium nitride; precursor chemistry; polymer-derived ceramics; porous components; nanocomposites; fibers

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The present Special Issue is aimed at addressing current developments related to the synthesis, physico-chemical properties as well as current and prospective applications of nitride ceramics.

Nitride ceramics have experienced a tremendous development in the last decades. Whereas, initially, Si3N4 and SiAlON based ceramics were at the forefront of the fundamental and applied research related to nitride ceramics, the field has expanded significantly, including more and more nitride compositions as well as considering not only structural properties and applications but also functional properties of nitride ceramics and their use in energy-related applications.

This Special Issue aims at attracting Reviews, Full Papers or Notes related to the following aspects of Nitride Ceramics:

(1) Synthesis Methods for Nitride Ceramics—gas-phase techniques (e.g., CVD, ALD etc.); liquid-phase methods (solvothermal, sol-gel, etc.); and solid-state procedures (combustion, SHS; etc.).

(2) Properties of Nitride Ceramics—e.g., thermal; mechanical; thermomechanical properties; creep; charge carriers transport; thermal transport; electronic and optical properties; magnetic properties etc.

(3) Applications of Nitride Ceramics—high-temperature structural applications; wear/tribological applications; orthopaedic applications; electronic applications; catalysis; thermoelectric applications; lightning etc.

Dr. Emanuel Ionescu
Dr. Samuel Bernard
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Materials is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • nitride ceramics
  • silicon nitride
  • boron nitride
  • aluminum nitride
  • transition metal nitrides
  • main group metal nitrides
  • ternary and multinary nitrides
  • nitride-based nanocomposites
  • structural nitride-based materials
  • functional nitride ceramics

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle 29Si NMR Chemical Shifts in Crystalline and Amorphous Silicon Nitrides
Materials 2018, 11(9), 1646; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11091646
Received: 30 July 2018 / Revised: 4 September 2018 / Accepted: 5 September 2018 / Published: 7 September 2018
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Abstract
We investigate 29Si nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) chemical shifts, δiso, of silicon nitride. Our goal is to relate the local structure to the NMR signal and, thus, provide the means to extract more information from the experimental 29Si NMR
[...] Read more.
We investigate 29Si nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) chemical shifts, δiso, of silicon nitride. Our goal is to relate the local structure to the NMR signal and, thus, provide the means to extract more information from the experimental 29Si NMR spectra in this family of compounds. We apply structural modeling and the gauge-included projector augmented wave (GIPAW) method within density functional theory (DFT) calculations. Our models comprise known and hypothetical crystalline Si3N4, as well as amorphous Si3N4 structures. We find good agreement with available experimental 29Si NMR data for tetrahedral Si[4] and octahedral Si[6] in crystalline Si3N4, predict the chemical shift of a trigonal-bipyramidal Si[5] to be about −120 ppm, and quantify the impact of Si-N bond lengths on 29Si δiso. We show through computations that experimental 29Si NMR data indicates that silicon dicarbodiimide, Si(NCN)2 exhibits bent Si-N-C units with angles of about 143° in its structure. A detailed investigation of amorphous silicon nitride shows that an observed peak asymmetry relates to the proximity of a fifth N neighbor in non-bonding distance between 2.5 and 2.8 Å to Si. We reveal the impact of both Si-N(H)-Si bond angle and Si-N bond length on 29Si δiso in hydrogenated silicon nitride structure, silicon diimide Si(NH)2. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nitride Ceramics: Synthesis, Properties and Applications)
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Review

Jump to: Research

Open AccessFeature PaperReview Determining the Nitrogen Content in (Oxy)Nitride Materials
Materials 2018, 11(8), 1331; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11081331
Received: 19 June 2018 / Revised: 28 July 2018 / Accepted: 30 July 2018 / Published: 1 August 2018
PDF Full-text (1420 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Nitrogen (and also oxygen) determination has become an important parameter to characterize (oxy)nitride materials for many properties and applications. Analyzing such anions with accuracy is still a challenge for some materials. However, to date, a large panel of methodologies is available to answer
[...] Read more.
Nitrogen (and also oxygen) determination has become an important parameter to characterize (oxy)nitride materials for many properties and applications. Analyzing such anions with accuracy is still a challenge for some materials. However, to date, a large panel of methodologies is available to answer this issue with relevant results, even for thin films. Carrier gas hot extraction techniques and electron probe microanalysis with wavelength dispersive spectroscopy (EPMA-WDS) look attractive to analyze bulk materials and thin films, respectively. This paper gathers several techniques using chemical and physical routes to access such anionic contents. Limitations and problems are pointed out for both powders and films. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nitride Ceramics: Synthesis, Properties and Applications)
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