Special Issue "Geoscience of the Built Environment"
A special issue of Geosciences (ISSN 2076-3263).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 November 2012)
Dr. Carlos Alves
Centre of Geological Research, Management and Valorisation of Resources (CIG-R), School of Sciences, Campus de Gualtar, University of Minho, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal
Interests: environmental geochemistry and mineralogy; natural stone durability; petrographic features and stone decay; salt weathering; porous media; weathering processes in the built environment; effects of pollutants on stone decay; stone decay as markers of pollution effects; conservation strategies for stone architectural heritage
The main goal of this special issue will be the relevance of the geosciences for the study of the built environment, assessing the problem-situation especially on the following issues:
- Selection of Building Materials
Selection of materials (masonry and carved stone; aggregates for mortars, concrete and bituminous pavements; raw materials for the manufacture of other building materials such as cement, bricks, tiles and glass) needs to consider aesthetic features and the characteristics that influence the performance of the materials in the built environment regarding durability, energy efficiency and pollution effects (also in a perspective of sustainability).
- Weathering Processes
The same weathering processes that act on rock outcrops affect the built environment surfaces. There are specificities related to the kind and contents of pollutants related to anthropogenic activities and with the geometrical configurations of the built elements (namely in relation to the circulation of polluting solutions and in the exposition to the climatic conditions), resulting in weathering products involving neoformation of substances or the cracking and erosion of the existing surface. The study of these processes requires observational studies (including mapping of weathering products) and in situ and field characterization of the weathering products (namely by non destructive techniques).
- Study Methods
Includes theoretical models applied to explain (and foresee) the evolution of the materials and the relation between the influencing factors, including numerical simulation and procedures for simulation in the laboratory or in the field in relation to the simulation conditions and the morphology and size of the specimen and confrontation of results of these experimental studies and the features observed in the field.
- Environmental Impact
Release of pollutants (including radon) from materials applied in the built environment and as waste and their impact on organisms and other materials, as well as the impact of the built surfaces on the energy budget of the surrounding environment.
- Pollution Monitoring
Geologic materials used as passive monitors of organic and inorganic pollutants and in retrospective dosimetry of radiation.
- Historical Research
Including historical uses of geological materials and its relation with the economic and technological development and also dating of built elements.
Relevance of the understanding of the interactions between weathering processes and the geologic materials for the conservation of the cultural heritage.
Dr. Carlos Alves
- building materials
- characterization of weathering products
- theoretical models
- observational studies
- experimental simulations
- environmental impact
- pollution monitoring
- historical research
- conservation historical heritage
Geosciences 2013, 3(3), 446-447; doi:10.3390/geosciences3030446
Received: 5 July 2013; Accepted: 5 July 2013 / Published: 9 July 2013| PDF Full-text (130 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Geosciences 2013, 3(2), 159-175; doi:10.3390/geosciences3020159
Received: 25 January 2013; in revised form: 15 March 2013 / Accepted: 21 March 2013 / Published: 11 April 2013| Cited by 1 | PDF Full-text (1217 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Article: Spatial Evolution of the Chromium Contamination in Soils from the Assopos to Thiva Basin and C. Evia (Greece) and Potential Source(s): Anthropogenic versus Natural Processes
Geosciences 2013, 3(2), 140-158; doi:10.3390/geosciences3020140
Received: 25 January 2013; in revised form: 20 March 2013 / Accepted: 21 March 2013 / Published: 9 April 2013| Cited by 2 | PDF Full-text (2214 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Geosciences 2013, 3(1), 102-113; doi:10.3390/geosciences3010102
Received: 16 November 2012; in revised form: 18 January 2013 / Accepted: 28 January 2013 / Published: 5 February 2013| Cited by 1 | PDF Full-text (2457 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Article: Rocks, Clays, Water, and Salts: Highly Durable, Infinitely Rechargeable, Eminently Controllable Thermal Batteries for Buildings
Geosciences 2013, 3(1), 63-101; doi:10.3390/geosciences3010063
Received: 3 December 2012; in revised form: 13 January 2013 / Accepted: 15 January 2013 / Published: 25 January 2013| Cited by 1 | PDF Full-text (2361 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Technical Note: Hydrophobization by Means of Nanotechnology on Greek Sandstones Used as Building Facades
Geosciences 2013, 3(1), 30-45; doi:10.3390/geosciences3010030
Received: 2 November 2012; in revised form: 8 January 2013 / Accepted: 9 January 2013 / Published: 18 January 2013| Cited by 2 | PDF Full-text (2776 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Article: Engineering Geology Maps for Planning and Management of Natural Parks: “Las Batuecas-Sierra de Francia” and “Quilamas” (Central Spanish System, Salamanca, Spain)
Geosciences 2013, 3(1), 46-62; doi:10.3390/geosciences3010046
Received: 31 October 2012; in revised form: 10 January 2013 / Accepted: 10 January 2013 / Published: 18 January 2013| Cited by 2 | PDF Full-text (4370 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Article: Hellenic Natural Zeolite as a Replacement of Sand in Mortar: Mineralogy Monitoring and Evaluation of Its Influence on Mechanical Properties
Geosciences 2012, 2(4), 298-307; doi:10.3390/geosciences2040298
Received: 9 October 2012; in revised form: 14 November 2012 / Accepted: 16 November 2012 / Published: 22 November 2012| Cited by 1 | PDF Full-text (550 KB) | HTML Full-text
Geosciences 2012, 2(4), 277-297; doi:10.3390/geosciences2040277
Received: 15 September 2012; in revised form: 1 November 2012 / Accepted: 6 November 2012 / Published: 12 November 2012| Cited by 2 | PDF Full-text (8231 KB) | HTML Full-text
Article: Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Contribution to the Inventory of Infrastructure Susceptible to Earthquake and Flooding Hazards in North-Eastern Greece
Geosciences 2012, 2(4), 203-220; doi:10.3390/geosciences2040203
Received: 1 August 2012; in revised form: 12 September 2012 / Accepted: 17 September 2012 / Published: 27 September 2012| Cited by 1 | PDF Full-text (9814 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Last update: 11 August 2014