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Geosciences 2013, 3(1), 46-62; doi:10.3390/geosciences3010046

Engineering Geology Maps for Planning and Management of Natural Parks: “Las Batuecas-Sierra de Francia” and “Quilamas” (Central Spanish System, Salamanca, Spain)

1
Geology Department, Science Faculty, University of Salamanca, Plaza Merced s/n, Salamanca 37008, Spain
2
Section Geology, National Museum of Natural Sciences, Street José Gutiérrez Abascal 2, Madrid 28006, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 October 2012 / Revised: 10 January 2013 / Accepted: 10 January 2013 / Published: 18 January 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Geoscience of the Built Environment)
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Abstract

Presented herein is a cartographic procedure that is easy to utilise and at low-cost, which facilitates the first stages of planning and management of a naturally protected space and considers the geotechnical parameters that influence human activity. This procedure uses geographical information systems technology by combining the cartographies for the most influential parameters on the stability of the area (lithology, hydrogeology, geomorphology, slopes, lineament/fractures and seismicity) with geomechanical mapping generated from geotechnical parameters obtained through field and laboratory tests. This geotechnical mapping facilitates the division of a territory into zones according to each type of problem and generates a cartography for natural hazards. Using this information, it is possible to produce a cartography of constructive conditions or geotechnical hazards. This methodology has been validated by application to two natural protected spaces, “Las Batuecas-Sierra de Francia” and “Quilamas”. The validation confirmed that the cartography procedure described herein is a preventive, and not a structural measure. It is a tool that delimits areas with different constructive use recommendations and limitations, and therefore, is useful for natural space managers.
Keywords: geotechnical cartography; natural hazard; territorial planning; GIS techniques; protected nature reserve geotechnical cartography; natural hazard; territorial planning; GIS techniques; protected nature reserve
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Martínez-Graña, A.; Goy, J.L.; Zazo, C.; Yenes, M. Engineering Geology Maps for Planning and Management of Natural Parks: “Las Batuecas-Sierra de Francia” and “Quilamas” (Central Spanish System, Salamanca, Spain). Geosciences 2013, 3, 46-62.

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