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Syracuse Limestone: From the Past a Prospect for Contemporary Buildings
Department of Chemistry Science, University of Catania, viale A. Doria 6, Catania 95125, Italy
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Received: 25 January 2013; in revised form: 15 March 2013 / Accepted: 21 March 2013 / Published: 11 April 2013
Abstract: The conservation of the historic stone heritage has great importance when this material characterizes the image of a city, as it happens in Syracuse (Sicily). Its historical buildings are afflicted by a heavy state of deterioration due to the particular microclimate, to pollution and to neglect endured over time. This article reports the investigations made on limestone samples from historic façades of the city and from the neighboring quarries still in operation, in order to understand the petrographic typology, the reaction to the degradation over time, the possible maintenance and recovery interventions, and the correct applications in buildings of new construction. For this aim, bulk and surface analysis have been made both on the quarry materials and on the corresponding aged materials. It is therefore possible to define the types of rock most suitable for the use in contemporary architecture guaranteeing criteria of perfect biocompatibility. In this way a natural material can be employed in traditional and innovative uses and ensure both the sustainability of the interventions and the continuity of a consolidated tradition.
Keywords: Syracuse limestone; weathering; pollutants; conservation historical heritage; new buildings
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Giuffrida, A.; Ciliberto, E. Syracuse Limestone: From the Past a Prospect for Contemporary Buildings. Geosciences 2013, 3, 159-175.
Giuffrida A, Ciliberto E. Syracuse Limestone: From the Past a Prospect for Contemporary Buildings. Geosciences. 2013; 3(2):159-175.
Giuffrida, Alessia; Ciliberto, Enrico. 2013. "Syracuse Limestone: From the Past a Prospect for Contemporary Buildings." Geosciences 3, no. 2: 159-175.