Special Issue "Ecosystemic Evolution Feeded by Smart Systems"
A special issue of Future Internet (ISSN 1999-5903).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (29 February 2016)
Prof. Dr. Dino Giuli
Department of Information Engineering (DINFO), University of Florence, Via Santa Marta, 3, 50139 Florence, Italy
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Phone: +39 055 275 8602
Fax: +39 055 275 8570
Interests: information society; smart cities; e-government; e-mobility; smart mission critical systems; remote-sensing systems
Information Society is advancing along a route of ecosystemic evolution. ICT and Internet advancements, as well as progression of the systemic approach for enhancement and application of Smart Systems, are grounding such an evolution. Such an approach is expected to evolve while fitting into the basic requirements of a significant general enhancement of human and social well-being, in all the life spheres (public, private, professional). This corresponds to enhancing and exploiting the Net-Living virtual space to make it a virtuous and effectively widely beneficial extension of the real-life space. Meanwhile, contextual evolution of Smart Cities is aimed at strongly empowering that ecosystemic approach by enhancing and extending Net-Living benefits over our own lived territory, while also incisively targeting a new stable socio-economic territorial development, according to social-ecological and economical sustainability requirements. This territorial focus matches with a glo-cal vision, which enables a more effective diffusion of benefits in terms of well-being, thus moderating a global vision that is primarily linked to global-scale market developments.
Basic technological-advancements have to be pursued at the system-level. They include system architecting for virtualization of functions, flexible basic service composition, and end-service personalization viability, for the operation and interoperation of Smart Systems, supporting effective Net-Living advancements in different application fields.
Increasing, and basically mandatory, importance must also be reserved for human-technical and socio-technical factors, as well as to the associated need of empowering the cross-disciplinary approach for related research and innovation. The prospected eco-systemic impact also implies a social pro-active participation, as well as coping with possible negative effects of Net-Living in terms of social exclusion and isolation, which also require incisive actions for conformal socio-cultural development. In this, speed, continuity, and expected long-term duration of innovation processes, pushed by basic technological advancements, make related requirements stricter. Therefore, it is also quite important to develop a new approach, targeting development of basic and vocational education for Net-Living, which is to be considered as an engine for the development of the related “New Living Know-How”, as well as of the conformal “New Making Know-How”.
Furthermore, increasing importance of an approach in terms of ”Translational Research”, to enable short and proficient circuits to continuously address and exploit valuable research advancements, by also involving different actors, as purposely and pro-actively, is needed (Open Net-Living Labs).
Scientific contributions to this Special Issue are expected in order to enrich the above-mentioned eco-systemic view, while providing specific original and valuable results of pertaining research.
Prof. Dr. Dino Giuli
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Future Internet is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 550 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- Information Society
- Smart Cities
- Smart Infrastructural Utilities
- Smart Enterprise and Manufacturing
- E-Citizenship Service
- Smart Liveability of Human Habitats
- Smart Communities
- Smart Health and Social Assistance Systems
- Human-Technical Factors
- Socio-Technical Factors
- Basic and Vocational Education for Net-Living
- Net-Living Labs
The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.
Title: Cognitive Spectrum Sharing: An Enabling Wireless Communication Technology for a Wide Use of Smart Systems
Authors: R. Fantacci and D. Marabissi
Affiliation: University of Florence, Florence, Italy
Abstract: The worldwide urbanization process represents a formidable challenge and attracts attention toward cities. In particular, in the near future, the quality of life of billions of people will depend on the capability of cities of saving energy, reducing harmful emissions, improving the living conditions and increasing citizens security. This introduces new challenges regarding services and infrastructures, and, hence, there is a high interest in toward the possibility of introducing Information and Communication Technology (ICT) intelligent solutions in the urban ecosystem, to contribute to the creation of a smart city thus providing services in an efficient and human manner.
The smart concept is based on functional integration of software systems, network infrastructures, heterogeneous user devices and collaboration technologies. Communication systems are key elements to enable smart infrastructure, thus opening the doors to a new era of enabling technologies mainly in the field of mobile communications.
In particular, a promising technology seems to be the future broadband 5G system that will include two new paradigms such as Heterogeneous Networks (HetNet) and machine to machine (M2M) communications that offer several advantages to the implementation of smart services. The effectiveness of these new services and applications is, however, dependent on the availability of spectrum and transmission capacity that is expected to be critical requirements. Hence, to make viable new smart services considerable research efforts shall be done in order to use the available spectrum more efficiently, both in terms of frequency and with regard to, when and where it is needed. In particular, the Cognitive Radio (CR) principle seems to be a promising technology to enable HetNets and M2M communications in future 5G systems. In this paper, we provide an overview of CR methodologies, threads, and requirements. Based on these requirements, we discuss several potential solutions to trigger an efficient HetNets and M2M communications use towards a pervasive diffusion of novel smart services and applications.
Title: Usage Control for Future- Internet Applications
Author: Fabio Martinelli
Affiliation: Istituto di Informatica e Telematica, CNR, Pisa, Italy
Abstract: A basic contribution is provided about research advancements on models, methods and solutions for data usage&dissemination control, which can be prospected for security in Future Internet. A specific focus is made on secure data storing as a cloud service, particularly referring to the evolutionary Open Stack software environment.
Title: Senior Living Lab: An Interdisciplinary Approach to Foster Social Innovation in a Smart City
Authors: Elena Mugellini, Omar Abou Khaled, Leonardo Angelini, Nathalie Nyffeler, Luc Bergeron and Henk Verloo
Abstract: The Senior Living Lab (SLL) is an interdisciplinary research platform created by four divisions of the Universities of Applied Sciences in Western Switzerland. The concept aims to provide a theoretical framework able to translate research design into tangible innovation, linking scientists, community social and healthcare services, economic partners, and seniors in the co-creation of services, products, and technologies designed to facilitate aging people’s well-being and quality of life at home. This social laboratory brings together designers, economists, information technologists, and health professionals, developing multiple forms of social innovation by using participatory methods, generating a new life-course vision. The SLL is based upon an ecological approach connecting professionals and users in a cooperative network, socially constructing a cultural narrative on aging and a new paradigm, allowing aging people to benefit from increased life-spans. Our collaborative initiative aims to “in-form” an aging society within a learning organization designed to empower users, producers, and researchers as they co-construct a hopeful future by putting inter-generational, relational welfare at the heart of our mission. Three main categories were determined at the start of the SLL’s conception, each sustained by a major business partner. A national leading company in food and retail store sponsors food services bringing healthy meals and groceries to the aging. A national telecommunication company covers communication technology development catering to new means to engage the aging with new technology, combating loneliness and social isolation among older adults living alone. Two mobility companies are responsible for looking into measures adapting mass transit systems to senior needs, enabling them to stay mobile and capable of maintaining social contact.
The SLL not only aims to co-create products and services, but simultaneously seeks to collectively write a narrative on positive aging, transforming perceptions of aging that will allow Swiss residents to receive the gift of longevity accompanied with the possibility of an increased quality of life throughout the life-course.
Keywords: co-creation of services – products – technologies, Community-based participatory approach, ecological theoretical approach, healthy aging, systematic transformation.
Title: iNUIT: Internet of Things for Urban Innovation
Authors: Elena Mugellini, Omar Abou Khaled, Francesco Carrino and Juergen Ehrensberger
Abstract: In 2050, over 86% of the world population will live in cities. This increase is a major challenge for our society, which will require infrastructures updates of its future urban space. The superposition of the physical territory, digital networks and new technologies will create a smart cooperative and interactive living space. The impact of this phenomenon on the economy will increase. At the same time, this dynamic urban space will generate and broadcast a huge quantity of data, which can be used to develop new services for the well-being and needs of citizens.
The iNUIT is an applied research program which aims at building a dedicated information technology infrastructure for urban spaces based on Internet of Things paradigm. In its first step, the iNUIT research program aims to limit its interests to major events such as festivals, political summits and sporting events. These events are considered as a "concentrated" of urbanity. They will highlight the dynamics of the city (under a magnifying effect due to limitation in time and space) usually diluted and misidentified.
Optimizing mobility, physical security, resources and waste management and urban development are major issues of today cities. These concerns appear with a smaller scale in the events we are targeting. They could therefore be easily observable and measurable. They constitute an ideal testing ground for scientific research work in real conditions.
This paper will present the main concepts of iNUIT and some examples of practical applications developed within this research program such as the Smart Crowd application. The main objective of SmartCrowd is to use the data provided by the sensors embedded in the Smartphones (e.g. GPS, accelerometer, etc.) to monitor the movement of persons during public event, in order to identify crowds and recognize potentially dangerous situations.
Keywords: Smart events, crowd management, mobile sensing, location-based services, mobility, physical security, resources management, sensor networks, IoT, intelligent data analysis
Title: Net-Living Ecosystem: Evolution And Education For A “New Living Know-How” And A “New Making Know-How”
Authors: D. Giuli*, M. Gherardelli*, M.C. Pettenati**, F. Paganelli*** and S.Turchi*
Affiliations: * University of Florence;
**INDIRE (Institute of National Documentation , Innovation and Educational Research;
***CNIT (National Interuniversity Consortium for Telecommunications)
Abstract: A continuous epochal transformation of Society and Civilization is pushed by the evolution and global impact of Smart Systems, basically fed by the exploitation of continuous advancements of information and communication technologies.
Smart Systems are called for instrumentally supporting a new living space (Net-Living space) as extension of the real life environment. An eco-systemic evolution is thus pursued which is significantly impacting on all spheres of human life (private, public, professional). The implied objective is the diffuse enhancement of human essential well-being.
Current approach for the Net-Living development needs to be enriched to proceed along a virtuous evolutionary route, to allow progressive effective benefits according to such a basic objective, but also avoidance of possible heavy new degrading effects on human and social life.
Various factors have to be purposely and more incisively accounted for Net-Living evolution. Such factors are relevant for progressive, proficient, joint development and exploitation of the related “New Living know-how” and “New Making know-how”. Technical, systemic, human and social factors are jointly relevant, thus pushing towards a cross-disciplinary approach in all steps and related contexts which are involved in developing and exploiting of such new know-how. The disciplinary approach has to be accompanied by exploitation of virtuous and sound connections, through short-circuits, among research, education and experience.
This paper is mainly conceived as a position paper referring to the above subjects, while providing a systemic overview of Net-Living as needed to ground such type of analysis. A specific focus is made on Net-Living Education, due to the critical role it plays in this context.
Title: Context-Based Energy Disaggregation in Smart Homes
Authors: (alphabetical order): S. Capobianco, D. Giuli, F. Paganelli, F. Paradiso
Abstract: In this paper we address the problem of energy conservation and optimization in residential environments by providing users with useful information to solicit a change in consumption behavior. Taking care to highly limit the costs of installation and management, our work propose a Non-Intrusive Load Monitoring (NILm) approach, which consists in disaggregating the whole-house power consumption into the individual portions associated to each device. State of the art NILM algorithms need monitoring data sampled at high frequency, thus requiring high costs for data collection and management. In this paper we propose a NILM approach that relaxes the requirements on monitoring data since it uses total active power measurements gathered at low frequency (about 1 Hz). The proposed approach is based on the use of Factorial Hidden Markov Models (FHMM) in conjunction with contextual information related to the user presence in the house and the hourly utilization of appliances. Through a set of tests, we investigated how the use of these additional context-awareness features could improve disaggregation results with respect to the basic FHMM algorithm. The tests have been performed by using data gathered from real home environments and made available as an open dataset.
Title: Science, Data, Computation. The Evolution of Policy Design in Smart Societies
Author: Nicola Lettieri
Affiliation: ISFOL (Italian Institute for worker vocational training development)
Abstract: In the last 20 years, the convergence of different factors – the rise of the complexity science paradigm, the “data deluge” and the advances in information technologies – triggered a paradigm shift in the way we understand complex social systems and their evolution. Beyond shedding a new light into social phenomena, this process is providing new insights and a new rationale for a more scientifically-grounded and effective policy design. Thanks to a wide set of methodologies and tools spanning from social simulations to information extraction and network analysis, recent developments of Computational Social Science (CSS) are offering new way to target appropriately contextualized policies. The paper focuses on the impact of CSS on the current policy framework describing most recent trends at the boundaries between science and policy making.
Title: Data enabled design for social change
Author: Patrizia Marti, Caroline Hummels, Carl Megens
Abstract: Smartness is definitely a keyword of contemporary society. Smart products and services promise to solve problems we may encounter in our daily life; they entertain us and define the pace of our living style. Key features of smartness are being quick, utilitarian, functional and having intelligence such as the possibility to be personalised, be adaptive or anticipate our needs. Furthermore, smartness is also associated to relatedness. People enjoy documenting the minutiae of their life within the connective tissue of their personal network of exchange.