The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these
manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers
submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.
Title: Reliability and Validity of the Arabic Version of Abeer Children Dental Anxiety Scale (ACDAS)
Authors: Abeer Al-Namankany*, Paul Ashley, Aisha Sultan, and Aviva Petrie
Affiliation: University College London- Eastman Dental Institute, 256 Gray’s Inn Road, WC1X 8LD, London, UK
Abstract: Objectives: To validate the Arabic version of Abeer Children Dental Anxiety Scale for children and adolescents (ACDAS) Methods: A total of 355 children (³6 years) were involved in this study; 184 in Dubai, 96 from the Religious International Institute for boys and 88 from Al Khansaa Middle School for girls. A sample of 171 children was assessed for external validity (generalizability) from two schools in different areas of London in the UK.
Results: ROC curve showed that the cut-off ≥26 for ACDAS gave the optimal results for sensitivity 90% (95% CI: 81.2%, 95.6%), and specificity 86.6% (95% CI: 78.2%, 92.7%), with AUROC 0.93 (95% CI 0.90, 0.97). Cronbach’s Alpha (α) was 0.90 which indicated good internal consistency. Results of the external validity assessing the agreement between ACDAS and CFSS-DS was substantial for the East London school (k=0.68, 95% CI: 0.53, 0.843); sensitivity 92.9% (95% CI: 82.7%, 98.0%); specificity 73.5% (95% CI: 55.6%, 87.1%) and almost perfect for the Central London school (k=0.79; 95% CI: 0.70, 0.88); sensitivity 96.4% (95% CI 81.7%, 99.9%); specificity 65.9%, (95% CI: 57.4%, 73.8%).
Conclusion: The Arabic version of ACDAS is a valid scale to assess Dental Anxiety for children age ³6 years. N.B: The English version of ACDAS was published on the AAPD Al-Namankany A, Ashley P, Fawcett C, Petrie A. The development of a Dental Anxiety Scale with a Cognitive component for Children and Adolescents. Paediatric Dentistry (2012). Pediatric Dentistry, vol. 34, no. 7, pp. 219–224, 2012.
Title: Caries Experience and Salivary Parameters among Overweight Children and Adolescents
Authors: Renata Oliveira Guaré1, Ana Lídia Ciamponi2, Maria Teresa Botti Rodrigues Santos3, Renata Gorjão4 and Michele Baffi Diniz1
Affiliation: 1 Pediatric Dentistry, Cruzeiro do Sul University, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry; School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
3 Persons with Disabilities Division, Cruzeiro do Sul University, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
4 Post-Graduate Program in Health Sciences, Cruzeiro do Sul University, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
Abstract: Obesity is a chronic disease characterized by excess body fat, which can lead to other health problem as insulin resistance, non alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), polycystic ovary syndrome, hypertension, dyslipidemia, sleep apnea, asthma, heart attack, stroke, brain injury, atherosclerosis and metabolic syndrome. Currently, obesity and dental caries are major public health concerns, and the dietary habits represent a very important common component of their etiological factors as well as connection with sociodemographic aspect of individuals. In relation to caries experience, the literature suggests correlation between obesity and dental caries, with assessment based on the method recommended by WHO (1997), restricted to the carious lesion with cavitation, showing divergent results. Few clinical studies have shown a correlation between obesity and dental caries in children and adolescents, in primary and/or permanent dentition. However, some studies indicate a higher prevalence of proximal carious lesions in obese adolescents compared to normal weight ones. Salivary changes, such as concentration of phosphate, sialic acid and proteins and peroxidase activity may explain greater probability of obese children having a higher risk of dental caries. In this aspect, it is important to consider the contribution of salivary parameters in caries experience of overweight children and adolescents and the implementation of preventive measures in this population.
Title: Improving Oral Health Status of Tabuk Children
Author: Ziad D. Baghdadi
Affiliation: Department of Preventive Dentistry, Riyadh Colleges of Dentistry and Pharmacy, P.O. Box 67126, Riyadh 11596, Saudi Arabia
Abstract: This comprehensive community health intervention aimed to improve the oral health and reduce the incidence of dental caries in Tabuk schoolchildren. The program supports the public health pyramid that provides a framework to improve health and included creating and evaluating a school oral health surveillance system, applying fluoride varnish and dental sealants on high- and medium-caries risk children, and providing treatment for existing diseases. Forty-eight children (26 males 22 females; mean age 6.42; dmft 9.33, DMFT 3.27) received the dental services, both treatment and prevention. Three hundred seventy-eight composite resin or resin-modified light-cured glass ionomer restorations were placed. One-hundred and eighteen teeth received pulp therapy (pulpotomy or pulpectomy), ten of which received stainless steel crowns. A total of 72 teeth were extracted due to caries. To understand the effects of dental disease on children, as perceived by parents, an oral health-related quality of life survey was completed and analyzed. Results found an underestimation of the role the teeth play, particularly primary teeth, in the general health and wellbeing of the child. The program’s main evaluation effort focused on the process and outcome objectives, including the number of children received care, number of teeth received restorations and sealants, and number of children received fluoride varnish, etc. Analyzing the effect of the program on oral hygiene revealed an improvement in oral health, as a direct result of oral health educational sessions and one-to-one counseling. There is an urgent need to expand the program to include all primary schools.