Next Article in Journal
In Vitro Screening of the Apatite-Forming Ability, Biointeractivity and Physical Properties of a Tricalcium Silicate Material for Endodontics and Restorative Dentistry
Next Article in Special Issue
Improving Oral Health Status of Children in Tabuk, Saudi Arabia
Previous Article in Journal
In vitro Evaluation of Magnification and LED Illumination for Detection of Occlusal Caries in Primary and Permanent Molars Using ICDAS Criteria
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Dent. J. 2013, 1(4), 31-40; doi:10.3390/dj1040031

Caries Experience and Salivary Parameters among Overweight Children and Adolescents

1
Pediatric Dentistry, Cruzeiro do Sul University, São Paulo, São Paulo, Rua Galvão Bueno, 868 Liberdade - São Paulo/SP 01506-000, Brazil
2
Department of Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry; School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Av Lineu Prestes, 2227 Cidade Universitária - São Paulo/SP 05508-000, Brazil
3
Persons with Disabilities Division, Cruzeiro do Sul University, São Paulo, São Paulo,Rua Galvão Bueno, 868 Liberdade - São Paulo/SP 01506-000, Brazil
4
Post-Graduate Program in Health Sciences, Cruzeiro do Sul University, São Paulo, SP, Rua Galvão Bueno, 868 Liberdade - São Paulo/SP 01506-000, Brazil
5
Pediatric Dentistry, Cruzeiro do Sul University, São Paulo, São Paulo, Rua Galvão Bueno, 868 Liberdade - São Paulo/SP 01506-000, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 October 2013 / Revised: 26 October 2013 / Accepted: 30 October 2013 / Published: 4 November 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pediatric Dentistry)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [202 KB, uploaded 4 November 2013]

Abstract

Obesity is a chronic disease characterized by excess body fat, which can lead to other health problems, including insulin resistance, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, polycystic ovary syndrome, hypertension, dyslipidemia, sleep apnea, asthma, heart attack, stroke, atherosclerosis and metabolic syndrome. Currently, obesity and dental caries are major public health concerns and dietary habits are a very important common component of their etiological factors, showing some correlation with the sociodemographic characteristics of individuals presenting these diseases. In relation to caries experience, the literature suggests a correlation between obesity and dental caries in children and adolescents, in primary and/or permanent dentition, though divergent results exist regarding assessment based on the method recommended by the WHO (1997), i.e., restricted to carious lesions with cavitation. Some studies indicate greater prevalence of proximal carious lesions in obese adolescents compared with those with normal weight. Salivary changes, such as the concentrations of phosphate, sialic acid, proteins and immunoglobulins and in peroxidase activity could explain the increased probability of obese children presenting greater risk of dental caries. Thus, it is important to consider the contribution of salivary parameters in caries experience of overweight children and adolescents and the implementation of preventive measures in this population. View Full-Text
Keywords: obesity; overweight; dental caries; saliva; child; adolescent obesity; overweight; dental caries; saliva; child; adolescent
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Guaré, R.O.; Ciamponi, A.L.; Santos, M.T.B.; Gorjão, R.; Diniz, M.B. Caries Experience and Salivary Parameters among Overweight Children and Adolescents. Dent. J. 2013, 1, 31-40.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Dent. J. EISSN 2304-6767 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top