Special Issue "Decadal Variability and Predictability of Climate"
A special issue of Climate (ISSN 2225-1154).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 March 2018
Decadal (longer than seven years) variability and predictability of climate has been highlighted as a priority area for research over past decades. Special attentions have been paid to the mechanisms of: 1) decadal variability in the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian Oceans; 2) the importance of ocean processes, ocean-atmosphere interactions, tropical-extratropical interactions, and inter-basin interactions in decadal variability; 3) ENSO-decadal variability interactions; 4) the importance of decadal variability in modulating global climate change; 5) external forcing of decadal variability; 6) decadal variation of ENSO and its predictability; and 7) decadal variability of mode waters, extremes, sea level rise, tropical cyclones, ice extent, glacier, soil moisture, radiative forcing, and so on. In addition, the socio-economic and environmental impacts of decadal variability and the prediction of decadal variability and climate change have also attracted many attentions. In this special issue, we aim to bring together theoretical, observational, and modelling studies and to review and advance our understanding and prediction of both internally-induced and externally-forced decadal variability with a special emphasis on, but not limited to, the interactions between different ocean basins and between ocean, atmosphere, ice, and land.
Dr. Jing-Jia Luo
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Climate is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 550 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- decadal variability
- climate change
- inter-basin interactions
- ocean-atmosphere interactions
- decadal predictability and prediction
- Pacific Decadal Oscillation
- Atlantic multi-decadal variability
- ENSO and decadal variability
- decadal change of global warming rate
The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.
Type of Paper: Article
Title: Climate variability and the pending catastrophic decline of the former acid rain receiving forests across the United States and Europe
Authors: Steven McNulty
Affiliation: USDA Forest Service
Abstract: From the 1950’s through the 1980’s spruce (Picea sp.) and fir (Abies sp) forests across the northeastern United States and Europe received to high rates on of sulfur (S) and nitrogen (N) deposition. During the 1980’s, tree mortality accelerated to the point of being termed forest decline. Concern about forest decline led to the passage of a series of pollution control acts in the United States and Europe that decreased rates of acidic deposition. Over the following decades, forest decline decreased, and the trees returned to pre-decline rates of mortality and productivity. However, while forests again appear healthy, there are indications that long-term N deposition has morphologically changed that forest leading to increased foliage and decreased root mass. Increases in drought frequency and variability, and gradual atmospheric warming have coincided with a general decline in forest mortality. Although no large scale impacts on forest health have been observed in recent (i.e., past 30) years, we propose that forest mortality in excess those observed during the 1980’s are likely and will occur very rapidly (unlike the slowly developing decline previously observed). This paper examines the evidence to support this hypothesis and proposes management options for reducing forest health risk to climate variability.
Type of Paper: Article
Title: Changes in the Intensity and Variability of Precipitation in the Central Region of Argentina between 1960 and 2012
Authors: Antonio de la Casa and Olga Nasello
Affiliation: Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba)
Abstract: Rainfall variability spans over different periods, from short to long time-scales. This study analyzes the temporal variation of different rainfall features in the central region of Argentina between 1960 and 2012, and also assesses the temporal dynamics of the trends by using the Mann-Kendall-Sneyers (MKS) and Tomé-Miranda (TM) procedures. While rainfall indicators behavior in Marcos Juárez reflects the absence of long-term changes, rainfall intensity, frequency and variability presents significant trends in other sites. In a regional assessment however, in only 18 of 42 analyzed cases the long-scale trend reached significance (P < 0.10). Total annual rainfall (PP) has a significant long-term increment in Laboulaye (LB) and Villa Dolores (VD) only, but does not persist at present according to the MKS and TM methods. The decrease in the annual frequency of rainy days (DPP) is more widespread in the region. Thus, the increase in mean annual rainfall intensity (INT) in the central region of Argentina would be particularly associated with the decrease in DPP. However, INT increase only persists in Córdoba (BO) currently, while for LB, Río Cuarto (RC) and VD the trend has stopped growing since the mid-1990s. For its part, under different criteria and levels of significance, the time series have a homogeneous behavior in more than 80% of cases. Those one not homogeneous could be due to the change of tendency detected. Thus, long-term change of the pluvial regime in the central region of Argentina would not only have a local manifestation and restricted to some properties of rainfall during the analyzed period, but it also reveals a particular dynamic composed by an overlap of fluctuations under different time scales. So that, a current trend of a shorter time-scale can be opposite to the trend in a longer time-scale.
Keywords: Intensity; rainy days; variability; climate change; breaking point