Special Issue "Batteries: Recent Advances in Carbon Materials 2017"

A special issue of C (ISSN 2311-5629).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 January 2018

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. I. Francis Cheng

Department of Chemistry, University of Idaho, Moscow, ID 83844-2343, USA
Website | E-Mail
Interests: carbon materials; ultracapacitors; Li ion batteries; redox flow batteries; fuel cells; anodic treatment of water

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

This Special Issue is the continuation of our Special Issue “Batteries: Recent Advances in Carbon Materials” (http://www.mdpi.com/journal/carbon/special_issues/batteries-carbon-materials).

We are soliciting contributions to this Special Issue. The topic will be carbon materials in batteries. Suggested topics may be include: lithium cathodes and anodes, and electrodes for redox flow batteries. Other battery-related topics will be considered with the condition that carbon materials be included as the major topic.

Prof. Dr. I. Francis Cheng
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. C is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) is waived for well-prepared manuscripts submitted to this issue. Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • carbon
  • electrodes
  • kinetics
  • materials
  • batteries

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

Open AccessFeature PaperArticle Evaluation of Carbon-Coated Graphite as a Negative Electrode Material for Li-Ion Batteries
C 2017, 3(3), 22; doi:10.3390/c3030022
Received: 12 June 2017 / Revised: 26 June 2017 / Accepted: 28 June 2017 / Published: 4 July 2017
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Abstract
Low-cost and environmentally-friendly materials are investigated as carbon-coating precursors to modify the surface of commercial graphite for Li-ion battery anodes. The coating procedure and final carbon content are tuned to study the influence of the precursors on the electrochemical performance of graphite. Thermogravimetric
[...] Read more.
Low-cost and environmentally-friendly materials are investigated as carbon-coating precursors to modify the surface of commercial graphite for Li-ion battery anodes. The coating procedure and final carbon content are tuned to study the influence of the precursors on the electrochemical performance of graphite. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) surface area analysis are used to characterize the carbon coating content and the surface area, respectively, whereas X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Raman spectroscopy allow tracking of the graphite’s structural changes and surface amorphization. In general, the coating reduces the first cycle coulombic efficiency by 3%–10% compared to pristine graphite due to the increase of the surface area available for the continuous electrolyte decomposition. However, the use of citric acid as a carbon source (5 wt %) improves the rate capability of graphite, resulting in the specific delithiation capacity at 3C of 228 mAh g−1 vs. 211 mAh g−1 for the uncoated graphite. The attempt to reduce the coating amount from 5 wt % to 2 wt % results in a lower rate capability, but the first cycle coulombic efficiency is similar to that of pristine graphite. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Batteries: Recent Advances in Carbon Materials 2017)
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Open AccessArticle Graphene Encapsulated Silicon Carbide Nanocomposites for High and Low Power Energy Storage Applications
C 2017, 3(2), 20; doi:10.3390/c3020020
Received: 13 May 2017 / Revised: 9 June 2017 / Accepted: 12 June 2017 / Published: 20 June 2017
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Abstract
In this paper, a graphene decorated SiC nanomaterial (graphene@SiC) fabricated via a facile adiabatic process was physicochemically characterised, then applied as a supercapacitor material and as an anode within a Li-ion battery (LIB). The reported graphene@SiC nanomaterial demonstrated excellent supercapacitative behaviour with a
[...] Read more.
In this paper, a graphene decorated SiC nanomaterial (graphene@SiC) fabricated via a facile adiabatic process was physicochemically characterised, then applied as a supercapacitor material and as an anode within a Li-ion battery (LIB). The reported graphene@SiC nanomaterial demonstrated excellent supercapacitative behaviour with a relatively high power density and specific capacitance of 4800 W·kg−1 and 394 F·g−1, respectively. In terms of its capabilities as an anode within an LIB, the layered-graphene overwhelms the Li-intercalation, which is reflected in the obtained specific capacity of 150 mAh·g−1, with a columbic efficiency of ~99% (after 450 cycles) at a current of 100 mA·g−1. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Batteries: Recent Advances in Carbon Materials 2017)
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Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Title: Evaluation of carbon-coated graphite as negative electrode material for Li-ion batteries
Authors: Stefano Passerini, Arianna Moretti, Varvara Sharova

Title: Graphene Encapsulated Silicon Carbide Nanocomposites for High and Low Power Energy Storage Applications
Authors: Craig E. Banks, Christopher W. Foster, Michael Down, Emiliano Martinez, Xiaobo Ji, Yan Zhang, Encarnacion Lorenzo, Dmitrijs Kononovs, Anatoly I. Saprykin, Georgy A. Pozdnyakov, Vladimir N. Yakovlev

Title: Recent advances in hard carbons as electrodes in alkali metal batteries
Author: George S. Pappas
Abstract: This mini-review intends to summarize the recent achievements in the ongoing development of hard (non-graphitizable) carbons (HC) and their nanostructures, as electrode materials in lithium- and sodium-ion batteries. Emphasis is given to the HC research for Na-ion batteries, since graphite has failed to host Na ions and the scientific community has turned its hope to HC materials as the ultimate choice. Compared to the soft (graphitizable) carbons, HC possess high capacities and good rate capabilities, along with a significantly lower cost of production. However, the large irreversibly capacity and low initial Coulombic efficiency hinder their utilization in modern and demanding applications such as electric vehicles and large stationary energy storage systems. In this paper, a systematic survey between the textural properties of HC and the electrochemical performance is presented and the positive contribution of the hetero-atoms doping is highlighted. Furthermore, some recent paradigms of micro-/mesoporous HC as cathodes in Li-O2 are also presented. Finally, the perspectives of HC electrodes in rea-life applications are provided.

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