Special Issue "Batteries: Recent Advances in Carbon Materials 2017"

A special issue of C (ISSN 2311-5629).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 May 2018)

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. I. Francis Cheng

Department of Chemistry, University of Idaho, Moscow, ID 83844-2343, USA
Website | E-Mail
Interests: carbon materials; ultracapacitors; Li ion batteries; redox flow batteries; fuel cells; anodic treatment of water

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

This Special Issue is the continuation of our Special Issue “Batteries: Recent Advances in Carbon Materials” (http://www.mdpi.com/journal/carbon/special_issues/batteries-carbon-materials).

We are soliciting contributions to this Special Issue. The topic will be carbon materials in batteries. Suggested topics may be include: lithium cathodes and anodes, and electrodes for redox flow batteries. Other battery-related topics will be considered with the condition that carbon materials be included as the major topic.

Prof. Dr. I. Francis Cheng
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. C is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) is waived for well-prepared manuscripts submitted to this issue. Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • carbon
  • electrodes
  • kinetics
  • materials
  • batteries

Published Papers (3 papers)

View options order results:
result details:
Displaying articles 1-3
Export citation of selected articles as:

Research

Jump to: Review

Open AccessFeature PaperArticle Evaluation of Carbon-Coated Graphite as a Negative Electrode Material for Li-Ion Batteries
Received: 12 June 2017 / Revised: 26 June 2017 / Accepted: 28 June 2017 / Published: 4 July 2017
PDF Full-text (5791 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Low-cost and environmentally-friendly materials are investigated as carbon-coating precursors to modify the surface of commercial graphite for Li-ion battery anodes. The coating procedure and final carbon content are tuned to study the influence of the precursors on the electrochemical performance of graphite. Thermogravimetric
[...] Read more.
Low-cost and environmentally-friendly materials are investigated as carbon-coating precursors to modify the surface of commercial graphite for Li-ion battery anodes. The coating procedure and final carbon content are tuned to study the influence of the precursors on the electrochemical performance of graphite. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) surface area analysis are used to characterize the carbon coating content and the surface area, respectively, whereas X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Raman spectroscopy allow tracking of the graphite’s structural changes and surface amorphization. In general, the coating reduces the first cycle coulombic efficiency by 3%–10% compared to pristine graphite due to the increase of the surface area available for the continuous electrolyte decomposition. However, the use of citric acid as a carbon source (5 wt %) improves the rate capability of graphite, resulting in the specific delithiation capacity at 3C of 228 mAh g−1 vs. 211 mAh g−1 for the uncoated graphite. The attempt to reduce the coating amount from 5 wt % to 2 wt % results in a lower rate capability, but the first cycle coulombic efficiency is similar to that of pristine graphite. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Batteries: Recent Advances in Carbon Materials 2017)
Figures

Graphical abstract

Open AccessArticle Graphene Encapsulated Silicon Carbide Nanocomposites for High and Low Power Energy Storage Applications
Received: 13 May 2017 / Revised: 9 June 2017 / Accepted: 12 June 2017 / Published: 20 June 2017
PDF Full-text (4598 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text | Supplementary Files
Abstract
In this paper, a graphene decorated SiC nanomaterial (graphene@SiC) fabricated via a facile adiabatic process was physicochemically characterised, then applied as a supercapacitor material and as an anode within a Li-ion battery (LIB). The reported graphene@SiC nanomaterial demonstrated excellent supercapacitative behaviour with a
[...] Read more.
In this paper, a graphene decorated SiC nanomaterial (graphene@SiC) fabricated via a facile adiabatic process was physicochemically characterised, then applied as a supercapacitor material and as an anode within a Li-ion battery (LIB). The reported graphene@SiC nanomaterial demonstrated excellent supercapacitative behaviour with a relatively high power density and specific capacitance of 4800 W·kg−1 and 394 F·g−1, respectively. In terms of its capabilities as an anode within an LIB, the layered-graphene overwhelms the Li-intercalation, which is reflected in the obtained specific capacity of 150 mAh·g−1, with a columbic efficiency of ~99% (after 450 cycles) at a current of 100 mA·g−1. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Batteries: Recent Advances in Carbon Materials 2017)
Figures

Graphical abstract

Review

Jump to: Research

Open AccessReview Current Progress of Si/Graphene Nanocomposites for Lithium-Ion Batteries
Received: 28 January 2018 / Revised: 13 March 2018 / Accepted: 15 March 2018 / Published: 19 March 2018
PDF Full-text (798 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
The demand for high performance lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) is increasing due to widespread use of portable devices and electric vehicles. Silicon (Si) is one of the most attractive candidate anode materials for next generation LIBs. However, the high-volume change (>300%) during lithium ion
[...] Read more.
The demand for high performance lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) is increasing due to widespread use of portable devices and electric vehicles. Silicon (Si) is one of the most attractive candidate anode materials for next generation LIBs. However, the high-volume change (>300%) during lithium ion alloying/de-alloying leads to poor cycle life. When Si is used as the anode, conductive carbon is needed to provide the necessary conductivity. However, the traditional carbon coating method could not overcome the challenges of pulverization and unstable Solid Electrolyte Interphase (SEI) layer during long-term cycling. Since 2010, Si/Graphene composites have been vigorously studied in hopes of providing a material with better cycling performance. This paper reviews current progress of Si/Graphene nanocomposites in LIBs. Different fabrication methods have been studied to synthesize Si/Graphene nanocomposites with promising electrochemical performances. Graphene plays a key enabling role in Si/Graphene anodes. However, the desired properties of graphene for this application have not been systematically studied and understood. Further systematic investigation of the desired graphene properties is suggested to better control the Si/Graphene anode performance. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Batteries: Recent Advances in Carbon Materials 2017)
Figures

Graphical abstract

Back to Top