Special Issue "Polymer Electrolyte Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cells"


A special issue of Applied Sciences (ISSN 2076-3417).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 October 2013)

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Felipe Rosa
Department of Energy Engineering, School of Engineering, University of Seville, Avenida Camino de los Descubrimientos, 41092 Seville, Spain
Website: http://www.us.es/eng/about/directory/pdi/personal_6269
E-Mail: rosaif@us.es
Phone: +34 954 486778
Interests: integration of renewable energies and hydrogen production; hydrogen as energy vector; fuel cells; reformer for hydrogen production; concentrated solar energy; use of solar energy for cooling purposes

Special Issue Information


Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. Papers will be published continuously (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are refereed through a peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Applied Sciences is an international peer-reviewed Open Access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 500 CHF (Swiss Francs). English correction and/or formatting fees of 250 CHF (Swiss Francs) will be charged in certain cases for those articles accepted for publication that require extensive additional formatting and/or English corrections.


  • PEM testing
  • PEM modeling
  • PEM applications
  • PEM poisoning
  • PEM High temperature
  • PEM standards
  • PEM materials

Published Papers (1 paper)

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p. 195-206
by , , , ,  and
Appl. Sci. 2014, 4(2), 195-206; doi:10.3390/app4020195
Received: 31 October 2013; in revised form: 10 March 2014 / Accepted: 17 April 2014 / Published: 29 April 2014
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(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polymer Electrolyte Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cells)
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Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Type of Paper: Article
Chemical Surface, Thermal and Electrical Characterization of Nafion Membranes Doped with IL-Cations
M.V. Martínez de Yuso 1, A. Arango 2, S. Bijani 1, V. Romero 1, J. Benavente 1and E. Rodríguez-Castellón 2
s: 1 Departamento de Física Aplicada I. Facultad de Ciencias. Universidad de Málaga, E-29071 Málaga, Spain
Departamento de Química Inorgánica. Facultad de Ciencias. Universidad de Málaga, E-29071 Málaga, Spain; E-Mail: castellon@uma.es
Surface and bulk changes in Nafion membranes as a result of IL-cation doping (1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate or BMIM+BF4- and phenyltrimethylammonium chloride or TMPA+Cl) was studied by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and impedance spectroscopy (IS) measurements performed with dry samples after 24 h in contact with the ILs. BMIM+ and TMPA+ IL-cations were selected due to their similar molecular weight and molar volume but different shape, which could facilitate/impede the cation incorporation in the Nafion membrane structure. The surface coverage of the Nafion membrane by the IL-cations was confirmed by XPS analysis, and the results obtained by the other two techniques seem to indicate differences in thermal and electrical behaviour depending on the doping-cation, being less resistive the Nafion/BMIM+ membrane. For that reason, determination of a characteristic electrochemical parameter as the ion transport number was obtained for this membrane by measuring the membrane or concentration potential with the samples in contact with HCl solutions at different concentrations and the results compared with an untreated Nafion membrane.

Last update: 13 August 2013

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