Special Issue "Selected Papers from ICEER 2017: 2017 the 4th International Conference on Energy and Environment Research"

A special issue of ChemEngineering (ISSN 2305-7084).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (15 November 2017)

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Dr. Nídia Caetano

LEPABE/FEUP, Porto, Portugal
Website | E-Mail
Interests: biodiesel; bioethanol; biorefinery; energy storage systems; microalgae biorefineries; sustainable energy systems; waste valorization; wastewater treatment
Guest Editor
Dr. Rosa M. Quinta-Ferreira

GERST/CIEPQPF/FCTUC, Coimbra, Portugal
Website | E-Mail
Interests: advanced oxidation processes; bioenergy and bioaugmentation; catalysts and multiphase reactors; computational modelling; recycling/valorization and waste management

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The current state of development of nations is based on energy consumption, and developing countries naturally aspire to reach a state of development, which, by actual standards, demands huge amounts of energy. Not only is fossil-derived energy becoming scarce (in order to fulfil these needs), but also the related environmental impacts are the basis for climatic changes. This has pushed scientists and decision makers towards the development and implementation of renewable energy systems, as well as of more efficient energy systems.

Thus, attention has been directed to solve problems, such as the development of systems for the storage of surplus renewable energy, produced for later use, or its immediate use in the production of energy carriers, such as hydrogen or methane, or even the production of cleaner fuels for transportation in modern cities. On the other hand, the problems associated with environmental contamination due to waste and wastewater generation call for the valorization of wastes through the production of biofuels, valuables, and/or energy, through a biorefinery concept, and for the biological and chemical treatment of wastewater. The use of life cycle assessment tools allows one to better plan these systems.

The Paris Agreement, achieved in December 2015 by several countries, has set new and tighter targets for sustainable development, leaving each country the responsibility and the freedom to draw up their plans and to achieve them. Now is the time to explore emerging technologies and concepts in a collaborative way, bringing together engineers, researchers, and professionals from different areas.

This Special Issue, therefore, aims to contribute to the Sustainable Energy agenda through advanced scientific and multi-disciplinary knowledge, combined to improve renewable energy availability and control environmental pollution. We, therefore, invite papers on innovative technical developments, reviews, case studies, analytical, as well as assessments, from different disciplines, which are relevant to renewable and cleaner energy, and to environmental remediation and pollution control.

Dr. Nídia Caetano
Dr. Rosa M. Quinta-Ferreira
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. ChemEngineering is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) is waived for well-prepared manuscripts submitted to this issue. Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

Energy and Environmental Engineering

  • Bioenergy engineering technology
  • Pollution control and waste treatment
  • Environmental bioprocesses
  • Clean energy and chemical engineering technology
  • Life cycle assessment

Materials Engineering

  • Materials synthesis and characterization
  • Biomaterials
  • Nanomaterials

Process Engineering

  • Downstream processing design and analysis
  • Chemical and catalytic reaction engineering
  • Transport phenomena such as fluid dynamics, heat transfer and mass transfer
  • Separation and purification engineering
  • Process systems optimization

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Open AccessArticle Mitigation of Cr(VI) Aqueous Pollution by the Reuse of Iron-Contaminated Water Treatment Residues
ChemEngineering 2017, 1(2), 9; doi:10.3390/chemengineering1020009
Received: 9 September 2017 / Revised: 6 October 2017 / Accepted: 8 October 2017 / Published: 11 October 2017
PDF Full-text (2560 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text | Supplementary Files
Abstract
Reducing the levels of heavy metals in wastewaters below the permissible limits is imperative before they are discharged into the environment. At the same time, water treatment technologies should be not only efficient, but also affordable. In accordance with these principles, this study
[...] Read more.
Reducing the levels of heavy metals in wastewaters below the permissible limits is imperative before they are discharged into the environment. At the same time, water treatment technologies should be not only efficient, but also affordable. In accordance with these principles, this study assessed the possibility of recovering iron-contaminated residues, resulting from the treatment of synthetic acid mine drainage, for the subsequent remediation of Cr(VI) polluted aqueous solutions. Bentonite, an inexpensive and available natural material, was used as an adsorbent for the removal of Fe(II) from synthetic acid mine drainage (AMD). Then, Fe(II)-contaminated bentonite, the residue generated during the treatment of AMD, was recovered and activated with sodium borohydride in order to convert the adsorbed Fe(II) to Fe(0). Subsequently, the Fe(0)-containing bentonite (Be-Fe(0)) was further used for the treatment of Cr(VI) contaminated aqueous solutions. Reactive materials investigated in this work were characterized by means of scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive angle X-ray spectrometry (SEM-EDX), X-ray diffraction spectroscopy (XRD), point of zero charge, and image photographs. The effect of several important parameters (pH, temperature, metal concentration, and ionic strength) on both treatment processes was investigated and discussed. It was shown that the efficiency of Cr(VI) removal with Be-Fe(0) was much higher than with bentonite. On the basis of the present study it can be concluded that residues generated during the treatment of AMD with bentonite can be used as a cheap precursor for the production an Fe(0)-based reagent, with good Cr(VI) removal potential. Full article
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