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ChemEngineering 2017, 1(2), 9; doi:10.3390/chemengineering1020009

Mitigation of Cr(VI) Aqueous Pollution by the Reuse of Iron-Contaminated Water Treatment Residues

1
Faculty of Industrial Chemistry and Environmental Engineering, Politehnica University Timisoara, Bd. V. Parvan Nr. 6, 300223 Timisoara, Romania
2
National Institute for Research and Development in Electrochemistry and Condensed Matter, Str. Dr. Aurel Paunescu Podeanu Nr. 144, 300587 Timisoara, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 September 2017 / Revised: 6 October 2017 / Accepted: 8 October 2017 / Published: 11 October 2017
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Abstract

Reducing the levels of heavy metals in wastewaters below the permissible limits is imperative before they are discharged into the environment. At the same time, water treatment technologies should be not only efficient, but also affordable. In accordance with these principles, this study assessed the possibility of recovering iron-contaminated residues, resulting from the treatment of synthetic acid mine drainage, for the subsequent remediation of Cr(VI) polluted aqueous solutions. Bentonite, an inexpensive and available natural material, was used as an adsorbent for the removal of Fe(II) from synthetic acid mine drainage (AMD). Then, Fe(II)-contaminated bentonite, the residue generated during the treatment of AMD, was recovered and activated with sodium borohydride in order to convert the adsorbed Fe(II) to Fe(0). Subsequently, the Fe(0)-containing bentonite (Be-Fe(0)) was further used for the treatment of Cr(VI) contaminated aqueous solutions. Reactive materials investigated in this work were characterized by means of scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive angle X-ray spectrometry (SEM-EDX), X-ray diffraction spectroscopy (XRD), point of zero charge, and image photographs. The effect of several important parameters (pH, temperature, metal concentration, and ionic strength) on both treatment processes was investigated and discussed. It was shown that the efficiency of Cr(VI) removal with Be-Fe(0) was much higher than with bentonite. On the basis of the present study it can be concluded that residues generated during the treatment of AMD with bentonite can be used as a cheap precursor for the production an Fe(0)-based reagent, with good Cr(VI) removal potential. View Full-Text
Keywords: waste reuse; acid mine drainage; hexavalent chromium; pollution; water treatment waste reuse; acid mine drainage; hexavalent chromium; pollution; water treatment
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Gheju, M.; Balcu, I. Mitigation of Cr(VI) Aqueous Pollution by the Reuse of Iron-Contaminated Water Treatment Residues. ChemEngineering 2017, 1, 9.

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