Special Issue "Children’s Exposures to Chemicals in Consumer Products Using Urinary Biomonitoring"


A special issue of Toxics (ISSN 2305-6304).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (15 March 2014)

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Dr. Marsha K. Morgan
National Exposure Research Laboratory, USEPA, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27713, United States
Website: http://www.epa.gov/heasd/staff/morgan.html
E-Mail: morgan.marsha@epa.gov
Interests: exposure; chemicals; urinary biomonitoring; toxicology; human health

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

In the United States, over 75,000 man-made chemicals are registered for use by consumers in everyday products. Examples of consumer products include personal care and cleaning items, toys, food, and household furnishings. Children can be exposed to a number of these chemicals in consumer products in places where they spend their time such as homes, daycare centers, and/or schools. Few data, however, currently exist on children’s exposure to the vast majority of these chemicals in consumer products using urinary biomarkers. One concern is that children may have higher exposure to these chemicals than adults in these same environments because of their higher body surface to volume ratios and different activity and food consumption patterns. In addition, children may be more susceptible to chemical exposure at various lifestages of development (infants, toddlers, and adolescents). As urinary biomonitoring is a convenient and non-invasive sampling method, it is commonly used to estimate children’s exposures to chemicals that are excreted renally. In this special issue, we are inviting authors to submit manuscripts that have investigated children’s exposure at any age to chemical(s) in consumer products using urinary biomonitoring.

Dr. Marsha K. Morgan
Guest Editor


Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. Papers will be published continuously (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are refereed through a peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Toxics is an international peer-reviewed Open Access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. For the first couple of issues the Article Processing Charge (APC) will be waived for well-prepared manuscripts. English correction and/or formatting fees of 250 CHF (Swiss Francs) will be charged in certain cases for those articles accepted for publication that require extensive additional formatting and/or English corrections.


  • children
  • exposure
  • chemicals
  • consumer products
  • urine
  • biomarkers

Published Papers (1 paper)

Display options:
Select articles Export citation of selected articles as:
Select/unselect all
Displaying article 1-1
p. 134-157
by  and
Toxics 2014, 2(2), 134-157; doi:10.3390/toxics2020134
Received: 25 February 2014; in revised form: 27 March 2014 / Accepted: 3 April 2014 / Published: 17 April 2014
Show/Hide Abstract | PDF Full-text (940 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Select/unselect all
Displaying article 1-1
Select articles Export citation of selected articles as:

Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Title: Exposure to BPA in children -- media-based and biomonitoring-based approaches
Krista Christensen
Abstract: Bisphenol A (BPA) is a high production volume chemical, used in numerous industrial and consumer product applications. Exposure is nearly ubiquitous, and many studies have identified potential adverse health effects of BPA in both animals and humans. Children's exposure is of particular concern. In this study, we survey the literature on BPA exposure for children, focusing on data from the United States. Exposure is estimated for different age groups in two different ways. The first ('forward') approach uses information on BPA concentrations in food and other environmental media (air, water, etc.) combined with average contact rates for each medium. The second ('backward') approach relies on urinary biomonitoring data, extrapolating backward to the intake which would have led to the observed biomarker level. Preliminary results suggest that the backward-based approach leads to a higher estimate of intake as compared to the forward-based approach. Possible reasons for this discrepancy are explored.

Last update: 19 November 2013

Toxics EISSN 2305-6304 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert