Special Issue "Biomonitoring Methods for Measuring Human Exposures to Consumer Products"

A special issue of Toxics (ISSN 2305-6304).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 November 2015)

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Dr. Marsha K. Morgan

National Exposure Research Laboratory, USEPA, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27713, United States
Website | E-Mail
Interests: exposure; chemicals; urinary biomonitoring; toxicology; human health

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

In the United States, over 75,000 man-made chemicals are registered for use by consumers in everyday products. These chemicals are used in a number of different types of consumer products including personal care and cleaning items, toys, food packaging, and household furnishings. It would be proactive and prudent to reduce human exposures, particularly children, to these chemicals in consumer products. Few data, however, are currently available on human exposures and potential health risks to these chemicals in consumer products using biomonitoring. Blood, urine, and exhaled breath condensate are common biological matrices used to measure for chemicals or their metabolites in humans. In this special issue, we are inviting authors to submit manuscripts that have developed new or improved biomonitoring methods for measuring human exposures to chemical(s) found in consumer products. Priority will be given to papers focusing on biomonitoring research involving children.

Dr. Marsha K. Morgan
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Toxics is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 350 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


Keywords

  • exposure
  • chemicals
  • consumer products
  • biomarkers

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Open AccessArticle Exposure to BPA in Children—Media-Based and Biomonitoring-Based Approaches
Toxics 2014, 2(2), 134-157; doi:10.3390/toxics2020134
Received: 25 February 2014 / Revised: 27 March 2014 / Accepted: 3 April 2014 / Published: 17 April 2014
Cited by 3 | PDF Full-text (940 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Bisphenol A (BPA) is used in numerous industrial and consumer product applications resulting in ubiquitous exposure. Children’s exposure is of particular concern because of evidence of developmental effects. Childhood exposure is estimated for different age groups in two ways. The “forward” approach uses
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Bisphenol A (BPA) is used in numerous industrial and consumer product applications resulting in ubiquitous exposure. Children’s exposure is of particular concern because of evidence of developmental effects. Childhood exposure is estimated for different age groups in two ways. The “forward” approach uses information on BPA concentrations in food and other environmental media (air, water, etc.) combined with average contact rates for each medium. The “backward” approach relies on urinary biomonitoring, extrapolating backward to the intake which would have led to the observed biomarker level. The forward analysis shows that BPA intakes are dominated by canned food consumption, and that intakes are higher for younger ages. Mean intake estimates ranged from ~125 ng/kg-day for 1 year-olds to ~73 ng/kg-day among 16–20 years olds. Biomonitoring-based intakes show the same trend of lower intakes for older children, with an estimate of 121 (median) to 153 (mean) ng/kg-day for 2–6 years, compared with 33 (median) to 53–66 (mean) ng/kg-day for 16–20 years. Infant intakes were estimated to range from ~46 to 137 ng/kg-day. Recognizing uncertainties and limitations, this analysis suggests that the “forward” and “backward” methods provide comparable results and identify canned foods as a potentially important source of BPA exposure for children. Full article
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