Special Issue "The Impact and Innovation of Wind Turbine Technologies"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 October 2017)
The global wind industry is a renewable leader and makes a significant impact on the worldwide energy production. The local and global benefits are many, ranging from CO2 reductions and water savings to local economic benefits. In the wind pioneering country of Denmark, the yearly wind energy production has exceeded 42%. Indeed, several days a year, wind power exceeds 100% of the load. The new large Danish windfarms are built offshore—in part due to public resistance towards onshore wind—and are highly efficient. In the state of Texas, more than almost 12% of the energy is provided by huge land based wind farms. Wind energy, occasionally exceeding 45% of the load and the fleet, is operating with a capacity factor above the US average. In absolute numbers, Texas wind power is about four times bigger than Denmark’s. Unlike Denmark, Texas has vast space, great land based wind resources and often great local enthusiasm with little or no public resistance. In China, the development of the wind industry has been rapid, often in remote areas, based on strong government mandates. In absolute numbers, China has eight times more wind power than Texas, but operates at a much lower average capacity factor. The average growth rate of the fleet in recent years is about 10%, 25%, and 60% for the three territories, respectively.
What these three rollouts of wind energy have in common is a strong technical plan, political willingness to integrate wind into the grid and expand the grid without energy storage, combined with an industry appetite for investment and engagement. However, the similarities probably stop here. In Denmark, the primary turbine technology is offshore, in Texas it is onshore IEC wind class II turbines, and in China it is often low wind technology in a complex terrain. The regional industry structure and regulatory environment is obviously different and therefore, the regional technology focus is also quite different and has taken completely different historical technology tracks. So, while the industry is global, the technology solutions have a large component of local adaptation to the industry structure.
In this Special Issue, we celebrate the wind turbine technologies, manufacturing, deployment and operation technologies, which have made this growth possible. We will examine how technology overcomes barriers, is continuously innovated and continuously makes wind energy more cost effective. We will also ask which new technologies are essential to future success in all parts of the world, including the energy poor areas where distributed generation may be more important. Finally, the question will be posed, which technology research and education is needed to secure future impact?
Prof. Carsten H. Westergaard
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
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- Wind turbine technology
- Wind farm technology
- Wind turbine history
- Wind energy policies
- Utility scale wind
- Small wind
- Building integrated wind
- Distributed wind
- Wind turbine technology trends
- Wind energy conversion systems
- Cost of energy
- Technical deployment barriers
- Technology innovation
- Low-carbon industry
- Low carbon supply chain
- Materials science and technology
- Social acceptance
- Value chain
- Business models
- Grid integration
- Micro grid
- Energy storage