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Special Issue "Catalysts for Biomass Conversion"

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Sustainable Chemistry".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 April 2018)

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Prof. Jacek Grams

Institute of General and Ecological Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Lodz University of Technology, Poland
Website | E-Mail
Interests: catalysis, synthesis and characterization of heterogeneous catalysts; biomass conversion; surface characterization of solids; environmental protection; nanotechnology

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The conversion of biomass is one of the most promising sustainable methods of the production of biofuels and various industrially-important chemicals. The advantages of the use of biomass are mainly related to its global availability and limited impact on the environment. The literature data demonstrated that selectivity of biomass conversion towards valuable products can be considerably enhanced by the presence of catalysts. In recent years, the main attention of the researchers was focused on the development of stable and highly efficient catalytic systems for the mentioned process. The investigations included the investigations of optimal composition, surface properties, preparation methods and pretreatment conditions of the synthesized catalysts.

This Special Issue is devoted to the studies of the application of catalysts to biomass conversion processes, development of new methods of their synthesis and optimization of reaction conditions. Research on mechanisms of catalytic reactions as well as determination of the products of biomass valorization will be also welcomed. You are invited to submission of articles devoted to the investigations of relationship between activity of catalysts and their surface properties. Moreover, the papers in a broad range of research and applications on other related to the main topic fields are also encouraged.

Prof. Jacek Grams
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • catalysis
  • catalysts
  • synthesis and characterization
  • biomass conversion
  • biomass valorization
  • upgrading
  • thermal treatment
  • pyrolysis
  • gasification
  • liquefaction
  • biofuel
  • biooil
  • hydrogen
  • synthesis gas
  • char
  • biomass pre-treatment
  • hydrolysis
  • platform molecules
  • biorafinery

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Open AccessArticle Potential of Ripe Plantain Fruit Peels as an Ecofriendly Catalyst for Biodiesel Synthesis: Optimization by Artificial Neural Network Integrated with Genetic Algorithm
Sustainability 2018, 10(3), 707; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10030707
Received: 27 December 2017 / Revised: 29 January 2018 / Accepted: 5 February 2018 / Published: 6 March 2018
Cited by 1 | PDF Full-text (5897 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
The present work was aimed at assessing the possible use of ripe plantain fruit peel as a green-base catalyst in synthesizing Azadirachta indica oil methyl esters (AIOME). The free fatty acid content of the oil (5.81 wt %) was initially reduced to 0.90
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The present work was aimed at assessing the possible use of ripe plantain fruit peel as a green-base catalyst in synthesizing Azadirachta indica oil methyl esters (AIOME). The free fatty acid content of the oil (5.81 wt %) was initially reduced to 0.90 wt % using methanol: oil at 2.19 v/v, Fe2(SO4)3 at 6 wt %, time of 15 min and temperature of 65 °C. The pretreated oil was converted to AIOME in a transesterification process with calcined ripe plantain peel ash (CRPPA) at 700 °C as catalyst. The process was modeled by artificial neural network and optimized using genetic algorithm. The effectiveness of the developed CRPPA is ascribable to its high K content and microstructural transformation. The reliability of the model obtained was confirmed with a high coefficient of determination (R2) of 0.996 and a low mean relative percentage deviation (MRPD) of 8.10%. The best operating variables combination for the process was methanol:oil of 0.73 v/v, CRPPA of 0.65 wt % and time of 57 min while the temperature was kept constant at 65 °C with a corresponding AIOME yield of 99.2 wt %. The results of this work demonstrated the potentials of ripe plantain peels and neem oil as cheap feedstocks for biodiesel production. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Catalysts for Biomass Conversion)
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