Special Issue "Algorithms and Applications in Dynamic Optimization"


A special issue of Processes (ISSN 2227-9717).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 August 2015

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Dr. Carl D. Laird
FRNY G027C, School of Chemical Engineering, Purdue University, Forney Hall of Chemical Engineering, 480 Stadium Mall Drive, West Lafayette, IN 47907-2100, USA
Website: http://allthingsoptimal.com/
Phone: 765-494-0085

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Mathematical programming has proven to be a valuable tool in the process industries for improving both design and operations. However, operational challenges are driving the need for more rigorous models, including those considering system dynamics and distributed properties. As computational capabilities increase, there is continued opportunity to develop reliable problem formulations and efficient solution strategies for optimization of complex processes modeled by differential equations.

Several techniques are available for local optimization of differential-algebraic equations (DAEs). For indirect or optimize-then-discretize methods, optimality conditions are applied to the dynamic optimization problem, resulting in a set of differential equations typically solved numerically. For direct or discretize-then-optimize approaches, the DAE system is discretized prior to the application of optimality conditions. These techniques can be further categorized into sequential, simultaneous, or multiple-shooting techniques. Approaches differ in many aspects, including discretization strategies, optimization algorithms, and computation of gradient information.

Numerous problems in the process industries require optimization of differential-algebraic equations (DAEs), including optimal operation of batch processes, dynamic real-time optimization, optimal load transition, and nonlinear model predictive control (MPC). Furthermore, spatially distributed systems, particulate processes, and other models with internally and externally distributed properties, can be discretized along some dimensions, giving rise to a large set of DAEs. Efficient optimization of DAEs can be challenging for several reasons. Large systems of DAEs, like those arising from spatial discretization, can be computationally intensive, and may necessitate the use of advanced computing hardware. In addition, online applications like nonlinear MPC typically require solutions within a fixed, small time horizon. The challenges inherent in these problem classes illustrate the need for reliable and efficient methods to solve dynamic optimization problems.

The special issue, “Algorithms and Applications in Dynamic Optimization” of the journal Processes, aims to cover recent advances in optimization of complex DAE models. Appropriate contributions include novel solution strategies, and advanced modeling and problem formulations for dynamic optimization of complex process. Applications and solution strategies in global optimization of dynamic systems are also welcomed.

Dr. Carl D. Laird
Guest Editor


Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. Papers will be published continuously (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are refereed through a peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Processes is an international peer-reviewed Open Access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. For the first couple of issues the Article Processing Charge (APC) will be waived for well-prepared manuscripts. English correction and/or formatting fees of 250 CHF (Swiss Francs) will be charged in certain cases for those articles accepted for publication that require extensive additional formatting and/or English corrections.


  • mathematical programming
  • dynamic optimization
  • global optimization
  • ordinary differential equations
  • differential algebraic equations
  • algorithm complexity
  • algorithm efficiency
  • dynamic modeling
  • model predictive control
  • dynamic real-time optimization

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Displaying article 1-3
p. 568-606
by , ,  and
Processes 2015, 3(3), 568-606; doi:10.3390/pr3030568
Received: 13 May 2015 / Accepted: 7 July 2015 / Published: 16 July 2015
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(This article belongs to the Special Issue Algorithms and Applications in Dynamic Optimization)
p. 541-567
by  and
Processes 2015, 3(3), 541-567; doi:10.3390/pr3030541
Received: 29 May 2015 / Revised: 6 July 2015 / Accepted: 6 July 2015 / Published: 14 July 2015
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(This article belongs to the Special Issue Algorithms and Applications in Dynamic Optimization)
p. 471-496
by  and
Processes 2015, 3(2), 471-496; doi:10.3390/pr3020471
Received: 13 April 2015 / Revised: 30 May 2015 / Accepted: 10 June 2015 / Published: 19 June 2015
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Last update: 4 June 2015

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