Special Issue "Advances in Flame Retardant Polymers"


A special issue of Polymers (ISSN 2073-4360).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 November 2014

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. A. Richard Horrocks
Institute for Materials Research and Innovation, University of Bolton, Bolton BL3 5AB, UK
Website: http://www.bolton.ac.uk/IMRI/Staff/StaffPages/ProfessorRichardHorrocks.aspx
E-Mail: A.R.Horrocks@bolton.ac.uk
Phone: +44 1204 903831
Fax: +44 1204 399074
Interests: polymer degradation; fire retardants; mechanisms; polymer flammability; fibers; textile flame retardants

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

This Special Issue of Polymers is dedicated to Advances in Flame Retardant Polymers. I wish to dedicate the Special Edition to my colleague and friend of 30 years, Professor Dennis Price, who sadly died in December last year at the age of 79. He was well known across the world for his 40 years active research within the field of flame retardant polymers.

While the science and technical applications of flame retardant polymers have developed considerably during the last few decades, there remains an increasing need to develop novel flame retardant polymers and polymeric systems. This is because of continuing and increasing challenges required to balance society’s desire to achieve higher levels of fire safety and technical performance on the one hand against its constraints posed by the need to minimize any potential toxicological properties and maximize environmental sustainability on the other. This issue invites original papers and reviews within the following areas:

  • Novel flame retardants and synergists
  • Flame retardant polymers having improved environmental sustainability
  • Developments in surface treatments and coatings
  • Flame retardant composites
  • Flame retardants for film and fiber applications
  • Novel flame retardant treatments for textiles
  • Characterization and testing of polymer burning behavior

Prof. Dr. A. Richard Horrocks
Guest Editor


Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. Papers will be published continuously (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are refereed through a peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Polymers is an international peer-reviewed Open Access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1200 CHF (Swiss Francs).


  • polymers
  • flame retardants
  • synergists
  • environment
  • surface
  • coatings
  • fibers
  • films
  • textiles
  • mechanism
  • testing

Published Papers (1 paper)

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p. 2875-2895
by , ,  and
Polymers 2014, 6(11), 2875-2895; doi:10.3390/polym6112875
Received: 14 October 2014; in revised form: 11 November 2014 / Accepted: 13 November 2014 / Published: 20 November 2014
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(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Flame Retardant Polymers)
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Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Type of Paper: Review
Nanoparticles: A Novel Class of Finishing Flame Retardants for Synthetic and Natural Fabrics
Jenny Alongi*, Alberto Frache, Giovanni Camino
Dipartimento di Scienza Applicata e Tecnologia, Politecnico di Torino, sede di Alessandria, V. Teresa Michel 5, 15121 Alessandria, Italy; E-Mail: jenny.alongi@polito.it
: The present paper has critically and thoroughly reviewed a set of nanoparticles available in the market for enhancing the flame retardancy properties of synthetic and natural fabrics and their corresponding blends. Each nanoparticle has been applied to the fabric through a finishing process (impregnation/exhausting) in aqueous medium and their properties have been tested in terms of combustion behaviour by using the cone calorimeter. The influence of nanoparticles on the time to ignition, total heat release and corresponding rate of each textile has been investigated and compared to neat fabric. Finally, a correlation between the observed effect due to the nanoparticles and their chemical structure is proposed.
nanoparticles; cotton; PET; combustion; cone calorimeter

Type of Paper: Article
Flame Retardancy of PA6 Fibers using Guanidine Sulfamate / Melamine Polyphosphate Mixture
Mathieu Coquelle 1,2,3, Sophie Duquesne 1,2,3,*, Mathilde Casetta 1,2,3, Jun Sun 4, Xiaoyu Gu 4, Sheng Zhang 4 and Serge Bourbigot 1,2,3
1 Univ. Lille Nord de France, F-59000, Lille, France; E-Mail: sophie.duquesne@ensc-lille.fr
ENSCL, ISP-UMET, F-59652, Villeneuve d’Ascq, France
CNRS, UMR 8207, F-59652, Villeneuve d’Ascq, France
Key Laboratory of Beijing City on Preparation and Processing of Novel Polymer Materials, 100029 Beijing, China
Polyamide 6 is one of the most widely used polymers for fiber and textile applications. However, to be used in fields such as home textiles, transportation or construction, the fibers should meet strict fire safety levels. To this date, and despite the efforts for finding flame retardant systems usable with PA6, no satisfactory solution has been found yet. The use of ammonium sulfamate was found to be effective for enhancing the fire retardant properties of PA6, and it was proved to be effective in PA6 fibers. However, when the formulations were scaled-up, processing issues occur. This paper studies the use of another sulfamate salt: guanidine sulfamate (GAS), and demonstrates its synergy with melamine polyphosphate (MPP) as flame retardant for PA6. A decrease of the peak of heat release rate of 30% compare to pure PA6 was obtained using only 5 wt % of a GAS/MPP mixture. Moreover, PA6 containing the mixture GAS/MPP has a LOI of 37 vol % and is rated V0 at UL 94 test. The formulations were extruded at large-scale and spinnable. The mechanisms of degradation were investigated and involve gas phase and solid phase action, as revealed by pyrolysis-Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry and solid state NMR.

Last update: 6 June 2014

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