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Polymers 2015, 7(1), 47-68; doi:10.3390/polym7010047

A Comparative Analysis of Nanoparticle Adsorption as Fire-Protection Approach for Fabrics

1
Dipartimento di Scienza Applicata e Tecnologia, Politecnico di Torino, sede di Alessandria, V. Teresa Michel 5, Alessandria 15121, Italy
2
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Industriale, Università di Bergamo, Viale Marconi 5, Dalmine (Bergamo) 24044, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Richard A. Horrocks
Received: 24 November 2014 / Accepted: 24 December 2014 / Published: 31 December 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Flame Retardant Polymers)
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Abstract

The present paper critically analyzes the potential for commercially available nanoparticles for enhancing the flame-retardant properties of synthetic and natural fabrics and their corresponding blends. Each nanoparticle has been applied to the fabric through a finishing-like process (namely impregnation/exhausting or, more simply, nanoparticle adsorption) in aqueous media and the resulting properties of these fabrics have been assessed in terms of combustion behavior by use of a cone calorimeter under a heat flux of 35 kW/m2. The influence of these nanoparticles on the main combustion parameters of polyester, cotton, and some of their blends has been thoroughly discussed. As a result of this discussion, a flame-retardant efficiency ranking of the nanoparticles under review has been established. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanoparticles; cotton; polyester; combustion; cone calorimeter nanoparticles; cotton; polyester; combustion; cone calorimeter
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Alongi, J.; Tata, J.; Carosio, F.; Rosace, G.; Frache, A.; Camino, G. A Comparative Analysis of Nanoparticle Adsorption as Fire-Protection Approach for Fabrics. Polymers 2015, 7, 47-68.

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