Special Issue "Celebrating Two Centuries of Research in Selenium Chemistry: State of the Art and New Prospectives"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 April 2017)
Prof. Dr. Claudio Santi
Group of Catalysis and Organic Green Chemistry, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Perugia, Via del Liceo 1, Perugia 06100, Italy
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Interests: selenium; catalysis; redox; green chemistry; organic synthesis; biochemestry of chalcogens; biological activity of organoselenium compounds
In 2017, we will celebrate 200 years of research on selenium. In 1817, the Swedish chemists, Berzelius and Gahn, on roasting 200 kg of sulfur from a pyrite from the Falun mine, obtained about 3 g of a precipitate that they first wrongly identified as tellurium. Berzelius doubted this result and repeated the analysis some months later. He then realized that a new element was identified and he named this element Selenium (Greek: selene, moon) in consideration of its resemblance to tellurium (Latin: tellus, earth). Nowadays selenium containing compounds, capitalizing on two centuries of research and developments, play an important role in organic synthesis and biology. In particular, the redox properties of this element were studied and investigated from a synthetical point of view, as well as in consideration of its crucial involvement in several important biological processes. Organoselenium reagents can be efficiently used in selective electrophilic, nucleophilic and radical reactions such as stoichiometric reactants, or as catalysts showing, in this latter case, an appreciable TOF with respect to other analogue organocatalysts. Furthermore, modern application in medicinal chemistry, green chemistry, and chemistry of new materials are forming a new golden age for this element in the present and the near future.
This Special Issue welcomes the submission of papers based on original research that describe selenium compounds and their applications ranging from synthetically relevant organic transformations to the design and development of new selenium containing biologically active compounds and functionalized and smart materials.
Historical reviews as well as prospective analyses for the future in this field of research will be taken into consideration.
Prof. Dr. Claudio Santi
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