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Special Issue "Nanoscale Structure Resulting from Ultrafast Laser Interaction with Matter"

A special issue of Materials (ISSN 1996-1944).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 May 2018

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Assoc. Prof. Joseph Sanderson

Physics and Astronomy—University of Waterloo
Website | E-Mail
Interests: ultrafast laser matter interactions: Coulomb imaging of small molecules; mass spectrometry for nano-science applications; nanoparticle generation by femtosecond laser irradiation

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

This special issue concentrates on the study of nanoscale structure resulting from or modified by ultrafast laser interaction with matter. Since the advent of ultrafast laser pulses, it has been clear that, the ability of an intense femtosecond laser pulse, to strip electrons directly from material, on a timescale shorter than that of vibrational motion or phonon propagation, would have a dramatic effect on matter in all phases. Although, there were indications from the earliest days of lasers, that light with typically hundreds of nanometers wavelength focused to micron sized spots, might lead to periodic structure, on nanometer scale, it would have been unthinkable that this could mature into the science of generating and controlling, highly diverse nano-scale, functionalised order, in solid, liquid or gaseous material.

Today, laser-induced periodic surface structure (LIPSS) with nanoscale or high spatial frequency LIPPS (HSFL) is an area of much interest having progressed from the discovery of the sub wavelength grooves, to the development of complex features, such as pillars, nanowires and pyramids, many with biomimetic properties, such as hydrophobicity or modified reflectivity. The phenomena and their applications result from the controllability of surface plasmon resonance at the nano-scale, with the emergence of surface enhanced Raman Spectroscopy (SERS), a crucial example.

For transparent solid material, generation of nano-structures can take place in bulk and so they represent a path to applications such as control of polarization through tailoring of birefringence.

Liquid centred research has concentrated on the study of nanoparticle (NP) generation, using femtosecond and longer pulse ablation of solid targets, modification of NPs in colloidal solution, creating composite NPs and even direct synthesis of NPs from pure solvents.

One the exciting and diverse applications of the resulting nano-materials (NMs) is, as biologically active agents with, antibacterial action, or cancer targeting properties, achieved by conjugating NPs with biomolecules. A potentially crucial application, is to energy storage and catalysis, where the highly ligand free NPs produced in laser based synthesis are an advantage.

Assoc. Prof. Joseph Sanderson
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Materials is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1500 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • Nano technology
  • Nano paricle
  • Surface
  • Plasmon resonance
  • Ultrafst
  • Femtosecond
  • Nanoscond
  • Ablation
  • Liquid
  • Graphene
  • Periodic surfae structures

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Open AccessArticle Formation and Properties of Laser-Induced Periodic Surface Structures on Different Glasses
Materials 2017, 10(8), 933; doi:10.3390/ma10080933
Received: 7 July 2017 / Revised: 2 August 2017 / Accepted: 9 August 2017 / Published: 10 August 2017
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The formation and properties of laser-induced periodic surface structures (LIPSS) was investigated on different technically relevant glasses including fused silica, borosilicate glass, and soda-lime-silicate glass under irradiation of fs-laser pulses characterized by a pulse duration τ = 300 fs and a laser wavelength
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The formation and properties of laser-induced periodic surface structures (LIPSS) was investigated on different technically relevant glasses including fused silica, borosilicate glass, and soda-lime-silicate glass under irradiation of fs-laser pulses characterized by a pulse duration τ = 300 fs and a laser wavelength λ = 1025 nm. For this purpose, LIPSS were fabricated in an air environment at normal incidence with different laser peak fluence, pulse number, and repetition frequency. The generated structures were characterized by using optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, focused ion beam preparation and Fast-Fourier transformation. The results reveal the formation of LIPSS on all investigated glasses. LIPSS formation on soda-lime-silicate glass is determined by remarkable melt-formation as an intra-pulse effect. Differences between the different glasses concerning the appearing structures, their spatial period and their morphology were discussed based on the non-linear absorption behavior and the temperature-dependent viscosity. The findings facilitate the fabrication of tailored LIPSS-based surface structures on different technically relevant glasses that could be of particular interest for various applications. Full article

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