Special Issue "Tribology of Carbon-Based Coatings"

A special issue of Lubricants (ISSN 2075-4442).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 May 2014)

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Esteban Broitman

Thin Film Physics Division, Department of Physics, IFM, Linköping University, SE-581 83 Linköping, Sweden
Website | E-Mail
Interests: tribology; nanotribology; tribochemistry; dry lubrication; nanomechanics; carbon-based coatings; hard coatings; soft coatings
Co-Guest Editor
Dr. James David Schall

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Oakland University, 2200 N. Squirrel Rd., Rochester MI 48309, USA
Website | E-Mail
Phone: +248 370 2870
Interests: tribology; diamond; diamond-like carbon; silicon carbide; grapheme; molecular simulation; modeling; tribochemistry; friction and wear mechanisms

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

During the last three decades, carbon-based coatings have enjoyed a growing interest in several industrial applications. By tuning the carbon sp3-to-sp2 bonding ratio and by alloying the carbon with other elements, the researchers have been able to tailor unique physical, mechanical, and tribological properties in order to satisfy an increased technological demand. Nitrogen doping and other alloying additions like metals, boron, silicon, phosphorous, fluorine, etc., have also been developed to improve their mechanical and tribological properties.

Already in the 1990’s, carbon-based coatings enabled the operation of fuel injectors in gasoline and diesel engines, providing necessary protection against wear, scuffing and other adverse effects of lubricant-lean friction. Nowadays, carbon-based coatings are found in most facets of our daily lives, from the protective films on the hard disks of computers to the lubricious coatings on the blades of a disposable shaving machine. They are used in the chemical, food and packaging industries (valves and cutting hardware), semiconductor processing equipment (wafer handling and mechanical drives of cluster tools), compressors and pumps, and automotive industry (piston rings, camshafts, gears), biomedical applications (stents, heart valves, chirurgical instruments), etc. All the emerging applications of carbon-based coatings are originated in the great variety of crystalline and disordered structures that are possible to obtain by many different deposition techniques.

In this special issue we are requesting original contributions from academic or industrial researchers working on theoretical and/or experimental aspects concerning all kind of carbon-based coatings with improved tribological properties, from basic research to applied (tribological) uses.

Prof. Dr. Esteban Broitman
Dr. James David Schall
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Lubricants is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 350 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • carbon-based coatings
  • diamond-like coatings (DLC)
  • CX coatings (X = metal, N, Si, P, B, F, etc)
  • amorphous carbon-based coatings
  • nanocrystralline carbon-based coatings
  • fullerene-like carbon-based coatings
  • multilayers
  • PVD coatings
  • CVD coatings
  • plasma-assisted deposited coatings
  • tribology (friction, wear)

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Open AccessReview Reducing Friction and Wear of Tribological Systems through Hybrid Tribofilm Consisting of Coating and Lubricants
Lubricants 2014, 2(2), 90-112; https://doi.org/10.3390/lubricants2020090
Received: 6 March 2014 / Revised: 8 April 2014 / Accepted: 17 April 2014 / Published: 23 June 2014
Cited by 12 | PDF Full-text (754 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
The role of surface protective additives becomes vital when operating conditions become severe and moving components operate in a boundary lubrication regime. After protecting film is slowly removed by rubbing, it can regenerate through the tribochemical reaction of the additives at the contact.
[...] Read more.
The role of surface protective additives becomes vital when operating conditions become severe and moving components operate in a boundary lubrication regime. After protecting film is slowly removed by rubbing, it can regenerate through the tribochemical reaction of the additives at the contact. However, there are limitations about the regeneration of the protecting film when additives are totally consumed. On the other hand, there are a lot of hard coatings to protect the steel surface from wear. These can enable the functioning of tribological systems, even in adverse lubrication conditions. However, hard coatings usually make the friction coefficient higher, because of their high interfacial shear strength. Amongst hard coatings, diamond-like carbon (DLC) is widely used, because of its relatively low friction and superior wear resistance. In practice, conventional lubricants that are essentially formulated for a steel/steel surface are still used for lubricating machine component surfaces provided with protective coatings, such as DLCs, despite the fact that the surface properties of coatings are quite different from those of steel. It is therefore important that the design of additive molecules and their interaction with coatings should be re-considered. The main aim of this paper is to discuss the DLC and the additive combination that enable tribofilm formation and effective lubrication of tribological systems. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tribology of Carbon-Based Coatings)

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