Topical Collection "Coordination Complexes for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells (DSCs)"
Prof. Dr. Catherine Housecroft
Department of Chemistry, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
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Interests: Applications of coordination chemistry to sustainable energy; dye-sensitized solar cells using Earth abundant metals; emissive materials; light-emitting electrochemical cells; coordination networks; hierarchical assemblies for functional surfaces; water-splitting
The Grätzel dye-sensitized solar cell (DSC) was developed in the 1990s and converts solar into electrical energy. Grätzel's breakthrough use of sintered nanoparticles of the semiconductor on the working electrode of the cell to provide a huge surface area for dye adsorption has been followed by the development of a myriad of sensitizers. The vast majority of investigations are focused on n-type DSCs. However, with an ultimate goal of functional tandem devices, much work is still needed to improve the performances of p-type DSCs. State-of-the-art dyes encompass ruthenium complexes, organic and zinc(II) porphyrin-based dyes with the best conversion efficiencies reaching ~11–14%. Copper(I)-based dyes are seen as sustainable alternatives to ruthenium-containing sensitizers and, with the aid of co-sensitization using an organic dye, have been shown to achieve efficiences of up to ~65% that of the benchmark rutheium(II) sensitizer N719. For p-type DSCs, cyclometallated ruthenium dyes show promise, and an emerging family of iridium-containing dyes has recently entered the field. This Special Issue aims to highlight the variety and importance of coordination complexes as sensitizers in DSCs.
Prof. Dr. Catherine E. Housecroft
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- dye-sensitized solar cells
- metal complexes
- solar energy conversion