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Special Issue "Water Desalination"


A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 August 2014)

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Brent M. Haddad

Department of Environmental Studies, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
Website | E-Mail
Phone: 831-331-0654
Fax: +1 831 459 4015
Interests: integrated water management; regional water management; water and energy policy; political economy; renewable energy

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Successfully addressing water sustainability issues in the early 21st century is one of society’s major challenges. Improvements in water treatment technologies have rendered ocean water and saline groundwater accessible for human use. Desalination technologies are evolving rapidly and the record of operation of existing facilities is growing. In terms of demand, the ability to reliably match water quality to its end-use is growing in importance, as is the ability to manage water systems to meet growing and shifting demand without damaging natural systems that provide and receive water. Between supply and demand are the intermediating institutions of markets for desalination equipment and services, public governance, and civic dialog.

Desalination technology is potentially the most salient of all emerging water technologies. It can expand the range of habitable human space on earth, which will add and release stress on many other large- and small-scale human systems, including other physical infrastructures, energy production and consumption, urban expansion and urban form, and agricultural production. It also has the potential to substitute existing water supplies, enabling protection of water-stressed terrestrial habitats. The production of desalinated water has increased energy consumption while creating environmental challenges regarding source water inflow and condensate disposal. As a non-cyclical supply, it can shift a region’s drought risk profile.

This special issue on Desalination seeks to frame the multiple areas where a broader and deeper understanding of desalination is needed. Ideally, papers will encompass a detailed examination of some aspect of desalination in the broader context presented above. Disciplines include engineering, geology, hydrology, ocean sciences and ecology, economics and finance, public health, policy analysis, urban planning, and operations research.

Papers are selected by a rigorous peer review procedure with the aim of rapid and wide dissemination of research results, development, and application. Original research papers or reviews are invited in the following, and related, areas:

Desalination Supply:

  • ŸWater supply portfolio and desalination
  • ŸInnovations—membranes, thermal, monitoring, and energy recovery
  • Integration of desalination with existing supply systems
  • Water quality
  • Capital and operating costs

Desalination Demand:

  • Desalination potential and demand forecasting
  • Current uses—small and large scale

Intermediation of Supply and Demand:

  • ŸDesalination investment and ownership trends and case studies
  • Desalination law and policy
  • Sources of innovation—public/private

Relationship of Desalination to:

  • ŸEnergy production and consumption
  • Environmental impacts of production and use
  • Public health outcomes
  • Urban and regional planning

Yours sincerely,

Prof. Brent M. Haddad
Guest Editor


Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. Papers will be published continuously (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are refereed through a peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health is an international peer-reviewed Open Access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1600 CHF (Swiss Francs).


  • Ÿ   Technology innovations—membranes, thermal, monitoring, and energy recovery
  • Ÿ   Water quality
  • Ÿ   Desalination potential and demand forecasting
  • Ÿ   Desalination investment and ownership trends and case studies
  • Ÿ   Desalination law and policy
  • Ÿ   Desalination and energy production and consumption
  • Ÿ   Environmental impacts of desalination production and use
  • Ÿ   Public health impacts and outcomes
  • Ÿ   Urban and regional planning

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Open AccessArticle Optimization Study of Small-Scale Solar Membrane Distillation Desalination Systems (s-SMDDS)
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(11), 12064-12087; doi:10.3390/ijerph111112064
Received: 30 June 2014 / Revised: 15 October 2014 / Accepted: 7 November 2014 / Published: 24 November 2014
Cited by 3 | PDF Full-text (2200 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Membrane distillation (MD), which can utilize low-grade thermal energy, has been extensively studied for desalination. By incorporating solar thermal energy, the solar membrane distillation desalination system (SMDDS) is a potential technology for resolving energy and water resource problems. Small-scale SMDDS (s-SMDDS) is [...] Read more.
Membrane distillation (MD), which can utilize low-grade thermal energy, has been extensively studied for desalination. By incorporating solar thermal energy, the solar membrane distillation desalination system (SMDDS) is a potential technology for resolving energy and water resource problems. Small-scale SMDDS (s-SMDDS) is an attractive and viable option for the production of fresh water for small communities in remote arid areas. The minimum cost design and operation of s-SMDDS are determined by a systematic method, which involves a pseudo-steady-state approach for equipment sizing and dynamic optimization using overall system mathematical models. Two s-SMDDS employing an air gap membrane distillation module with membrane areas of 11.5 m2 and 23 m2 are analyzed. The lowest water production costs are $5.92/m3 and $5.16/m3 for water production rates of 500 kg/day and 1000 kg/day, respectively. For these two optimal cases, the performance ratios are 0.85 and 0.91; the recovery ratios are 4.07% and 4.57%. The effect of membrane characteristics on the production cost is investigated. For the commercial membrane employed in this study, the increase of the membrane mass transfer coefficient up to two times is beneficial for cost reduction. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Desalination)

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