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Special Issue "Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Related Disease"

A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601). This special issue belongs to the section "Global Health".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 July 2018

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Dr. Susana Vaz Nery

1. Department of Global Health - Research School of Population Health, ANU College of Health and Medicine, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Austrialia
2. Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto, Portugal
Website | E-Mail
Interests: neglected tropical diseases; malaria and NTDs control and elimination in developing countries; intervention studies to inform health policy changes for more effective and sustainable disease control strategies; WASH and chemotherapy for NTD control; soil-transmitted helminths

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

A Topical Collection on “Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Related Disease”, in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, is being organized. For detailed information on the journal, please refer to http://www.mdpi.com/journal/ijerph.

Appropriate access to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) is essential for good health. A considerable amount of disease could be prevented through access to safe water sources, adequate sanitation facilities and appropriate hygiene practices. More than half of the 1.5 million annual deaths attributed to diarrhea are attributable to inadequate WASH.  Poor WASH is one of the main underlying causes of under-nutrition, which contributes to 30% of deaths under the age of five. Deficient WASH is also associated with several neglected tropical diseases (NTDs), including intestinal worms, schistosomiasis, Guinea worm disease, and trachoma, which affect millions of people worldwide. Adequate WASH would also improve the quality of care in healthcare settings.

According to the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene (JMP) in 2015, while 71% of the population use a safely managed drinking-water service, two billion still use a drinking-water source contaminated with feces.  Sixty-eight percent of the population used at least a basic sanitation facility, but 2.3 billion people were lacking access to sanitation and almost 900 million practiced open defecation. Data on handwashing facilities with soap and water was still limited, with coverage varying from 15% in SSA to 76% in Western Asia and Northern Africa.

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development recognize the importance of safe drinking water, effective sanitation, and good hygiene (WASH) both by themselves and as necessity for achieving other SDGs related to health, nutrition, education and gender equality; with several of the 17 SDGs and 169 targets relating to WASH. Target 6.1 aims to achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all; while 6.2 aims to achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation. Other SDG goals and targets related to WASH, include SDG target 1.4 on universal access to basic services, SDG target 3.9 on the disease burden from inadequate WASH, and SDG target 4.a on basic WASH in schools.

This Special Issue is open to any investigation of WASH and health. It will cover a range of different topics, such as evidence on the impact of WASH on health/disease including NTDs, nutrition, diarrhea, environmental enteropathy; WASH in emergency settings, WASH in schools and WASH in healthcare facilities.

We look forward to your submissions, and putting together a stimulating Special Issue. We welcome reports of new findings, reviews of the literature, opinion papers and policy analysis.

Dr. Susana Vaz Nery
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • Water sanitation and Hygiene/WASH
  • Water safety and quality
  • Sanitation
  • WASH in Healthcare facilities
  • School WASH
  • WASH in Emergencies
  • WASH and Cholera
  • WASH and Diarrhea
  • WASH and NTDs
  • WASH and Schitosomiasis
  • WASH and Soil transmitted helminths/Intestinal parasites
  • WASH and Trachoma
  • WASH and Guinea worm

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Open AccessArticle Design, Intervention Fidelity, and Behavioral Outcomes of a School-Based Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Cluster-Randomized Trial in Laos
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(4), 570; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15040570
Received: 15 February 2018 / Revised: 12 March 2018 / Accepted: 12 March 2018 / Published: 22 March 2018
PDF Full-text (1588 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text | Supplementary Files
Evidence of the impact of water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) in schools (WinS) interventions on pupil absence and health is mixed. Few WinS evaluations rigorously report on output and outcome measures that allow for comparisons of effectiveness between interventions to be made, or
[...] Read more.
Evidence of the impact of water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) in schools (WinS) interventions on pupil absence and health is mixed. Few WinS evaluations rigorously report on output and outcome measures that allow for comparisons of effectiveness between interventions to be made, or for an understanding of why programs succeed. The Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene for Health and Education in Laotian Primary Schools (WASH HELPS) study was a randomized controlled trial designed to measure the impact of the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) Laos WinS project on child health and education. We also measured the sustainability of intervention outputs and outcomes, and analyzed the effectiveness of group hygiene activities on behavior change and habit formation. Here, we present the design and intermediate results from this study. We found the WinS project improved the WASH environment in intervention schools; 87.8% of schools received the intervention per design. School-level adherence to outputs was lower; on average, schools met 61.4% of adherence-related criteria. The WinS project produced positive changes in pupils’ school WASH behaviors, specifically increasing toilet use and daily group handwashing. Daily group hygiene activities are effective strategies to improve school WASH behaviors, but a complementary strategy needs to be concurrently promoted for effective and sustained individual handwashing practice at critical times. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Related Disease)

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