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Open AccessFeature PaperReview
J. Funct. Biomater. 2017, 8(4), 44; doi:10.3390/jfb8040044

Biodegradable Materials and Metallic Implants—A Review

1
CNRS, Univ. Bordeaux, ICMCB, UPR 9048, F-33600 Pessac, France
2
Rudolfs Cimdins Riga Biomaterials Innovations and Development Centre of RTU, Institute of General Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Materials Science and Applied Chemistry, Riga Technical University, Pulka 3, LV-1007 Riga, Latvia
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 July 2017 / Revised: 16 September 2017 / Accepted: 16 September 2017 / Published: 26 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Journal of Functional Biomaterials: Feature Papers 2016)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [259 KB, uploaded 26 September 2017]

Abstract

Recent progress made in biomaterials and their clinical applications is well known. In the last five decades, great advances have been made in the field of biomaterials, including ceramics, glasses, polymers, composites, glass-ceramics and metal alloys. A variety of bioimplants are currently used in either one of the aforesaid forms. Some of these materials are designed to degrade or to be resorbed inside the body rather than removing the implant after its function is served. Many properties such as mechanical properties, non-toxicity, surface modification, degradation rate, biocompatibility, and corrosion rate and scaffold design are taken into consideration. The current review focuses on state-of-the-art biodegradable bioceramics, polymers, metal alloys and a few implants that employ bioresorbable/biodegradable materials. The essential functions, properties and their critical factors are discussed in detail, in addition to their challenges to be overcome. View Full-Text
Keywords: bioceramics; biocomposites; biodegradable metal alloys; bioimplants bioceramics; biocomposites; biodegradable metal alloys; bioimplants
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Prakasam, M.; Locs, J.; Salma-Ancane, K.; Loca, D.; Largeteau, A.; Berzina-Cimdina, L. Biodegradable Materials and Metallic Implants—A Review. J. Funct. Biomater. 2017, 8, 44.

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