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Insects 2017, 8(4), 108; doi:10.3390/insects8040108

Review of Ecologically-Based Pest Management in California Vineyards

Department of Entomology, University of California, Riverside, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
Department Environmental Science, Policy and Management, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720-3114, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Alberto Pozzebon, Carlo Duso, Gregory M. Loeb and Geoff M. Gurr
Received: 28 July 2017 / Revised: 12 September 2017 / Accepted: 6 October 2017 / Published: 11 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Arthropod Pest Control in Orchards and Vineyards)
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Grape growers in California utilize a variety of biological, cultural, and chemical approaches for the management of insect and mite pests in vineyards. This combination of strategies falls within the integrated pest management (IPM) framework, which is considered to be the dominant pest management paradigm in vineyards. While the adoption of IPM has led to notable and significant reductions in the environmental impacts of grape production, some growers are becoming interested in the use of an explicitly non-pesticide approach to pest management that is broadly referred to as ecologically-based pest management (EBPM). Essentially a subset of IPM strategies, EBPM places strong emphasis on practices such as habitat management, natural enemy augmentation and conservation, and animal integration. Here, we summarize the range and known efficacy of EBPM practices utilized in California vineyards, followed by a discussion of research needs and future policy directions. EBPM should in no way be seen in opposition, or as an alternative to the IPM framework. Rather, the further development of more reliable EBPM practices could contribute to the robustness of IPM strategies available to grape growers. View Full-Text
Keywords: grapes; vineyard; integrated pest management; mating disruption; habitat management; natural enemy augmentation; animal integration; conservation biological control; biodynamic preparations grapes; vineyard; integrated pest management; mating disruption; habitat management; natural enemy augmentation; animal integration; conservation biological control; biodynamic preparations

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Wilson, H.; Daane, K.M. Review of Ecologically-Based Pest Management in California Vineyards. Insects 2017, 8, 108.

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