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Insects 2014, 5(4), 805-817; doi:10.3390/insects5040805

Switched after Birth: Performance of the Viburnum Leaf Beetle [Pyrrhalta viburni (Paykull)] after Transfer to a Suboptimal Host Plant

Department of Entomology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14850, USA
Current address: Institute of Biology, University of Neuchâtel, Neuchâtel CH-2000, Switzerland.
Current address: School of Agricultural and Wine Sciences, Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga, NSW 2678, Australia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 June 2014 / Revised: 26 August 2014 / Accepted: 29 August 2014 / Published: 27 October 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Insect-Plant Interactions)
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Abstract

Host plant switching is common among phytophagous insects. Once optimal food sources have been depleted, immature insects may resort to use of suboptimal hosts in order to complete their development. Such host switching may have dramatic consequences for insect fitness. Here we investigate the effects of host switching in larvae of the viburnum leaf beetle, Pyrrhalta viburni, an invasive landscape pest in North America. Specifically, we examine how transfer of 3rd instar larvae from the optimal host Viburnum dentatum to three suboptimal hosts (V. lentago, V. carlesii, and V sieboldii) affects larval development and survivorship to the adult stage. Larval survivorship, pupal weight, and adult weight were overall lower for P. viburni larvae that switched hosts, independently of the suboptimal host tested. This decrease in performance corresponds to a decreased feeding rate on suboptimal hosts. Subsequent choice tests showed that 3rd instar larvae become less choosy as they approach pupation, and discriminate less between optimal and suboptimal hosts past a certain weight threshold. In conclusion, P. viburni larvae are able to complete their development on suboptimal hosts, but host switching negatively impacts several fitness correlates. Mixed ornamental gardens containing both optimal and suboptimal Viburnum species may provide to outbreaking P. viburni populations opportunities to survive the depletion of their preferred food sources. View Full-Text
Keywords: insect-plant interactions; invasive pest; oligophagous herbivore; diet mixing insect-plant interactions; invasive pest; oligophagous herbivore; diet mixing
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Desurmont, G.A.; Weston, P.A. Switched after Birth: Performance of the Viburnum Leaf Beetle [Pyrrhalta viburni (Paykull)] after Transfer to a Suboptimal Host Plant. Insects 2014, 5, 805-817.

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