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Relevance and Benefits of Urban Water Reuse in Tourist Areas
Suez-Environment, 38 rue du président Wilson, Le Pecq 78230, France
Société Polynésienne de l’Eau et de l’Assainissement, Papeete-Tahiti 98713, French Polynesia
Municipality of Bora Bora, Vaitape, Bora Bora 98730, French Polynesia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 December 2011; in revised form: 7 January 2012 / Accepted: 7 January 2012 / Published: 31 January 2012
Abstract: Urban water reuse is one of the most rapidly growing water reuse applications worldwide and one of the major elements of the sustainable management of urban water cycle. Because of the high probability of direct contact between consumers and recycled water, many technical and regulatory challenges have to be overcome in order to minimize health risks at affordable cost. This paper illustrates the keys to success of one of the first urban water reuse projects in the island Bora Bora, French Polynesia. Special emphasis is given on the reliability of operation of the membrane tertiary treatment, economic viability in terms of pricing of recycled water and operating costs, as well as on the benefits of water reuse for the sustainable development of tourist areas.
Keywords: dual network; integrated water resource management; cost benefit analysis; sustainable development; urban water reuse
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Lazarova, V.; Sturny, V.; Sang, G.T. Relevance and Benefits of Urban Water Reuse in Tourist Areas. Water 2012, 4, 107-122.
Lazarova V, Sturny V, Sang GT. Relevance and Benefits of Urban Water Reuse in Tourist Areas. Water. 2012; 4(1):107-122.
Lazarova, Valentina; Sturny, Vincent; Sang, Gaston Tong. 2012. "Relevance and Benefits of Urban Water Reuse in Tourist Areas." Water 4, no. 1: 107-122.