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Improving Water Supply Systems for Domestic Uses in Urban Togo: The Case of a Suburb in Lomé
Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, Purdue University, 225 S. University Street, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 November 2011; in revised form: 10 January 2012 / Accepted: 20 January 2012 / Published: 1 February 2012
Abstract: The rapid urbanization facing developing countries is increasing pressure on public institutions to provide adequate supplies of clean water to populations. In most developing countries, the general public is not involved in strategies and policies regarding enhancement, conservation, and management of water supply systems. To assist governments and decision makers in providing potable water to meet the increasing demand due to the rapid urbanization, this study sought to characterize existing water supply systems and obtain public opinion for identifying a community water supply system model for households in a residential neighborhood in Lomé, Togo. Existing water supply systems in the study area consist of bucket-drawn water wells, mini water tower systems, rainwater harvesting, and public piped water. Daily domestic water consumption in the study area compared well with findings on water uses per capita from Sub-Saharan Africa, but was well below daily water usage in developed nations. Based on the surveys, participants thought highly of a large scale community water tower and expressed interest in maintaining it. Even though people rely on water sources deemed convenient for drinking, they also reported limited confidence in the quality of these sources.
Keywords: community; drinking water; water supply; developing country; Africa
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Ahiablame, L.; Engel, B.; Venort, T. Improving Water Supply Systems for Domestic Uses in Urban Togo: The Case of a Suburb in Lomé. Water 2012, 4, 123-134.
Ahiablame L, Engel B, Venort T. Improving Water Supply Systems for Domestic Uses in Urban Togo: The Case of a Suburb in Lomé. Water. 2012; 4(1):123-134.
Ahiablame, Laurent; Engel, Bernard; Venort, Taisha. 2012. "Improving Water Supply Systems for Domestic Uses in Urban Togo: The Case of a Suburb in Lomé." Water 4, no. 1: 123-134.