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Micromachines 2017, 8(5), 146; doi:10.3390/mi8050146

Design and Fabrication of a 2-Axis Electrothermal MEMS Micro-Scanner for Optical Coherence Tomography

1
FEMTO-ST Institute, CNRS UMR6174, University of Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 25000 Besançon, France
2
Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
This paper is an extended version of our paper published in 2016 IEEE International Conference on Optical MEMS and Nanophotonics (OMN), Tanguy, Q.A.A., Duan, C.,Wang,W., Xie, H., Bargiel, S., Struk, P., Lutz, P. & Gorecki, C., A 2-axis electrothermal MEMS micro-scanner with torsional beam.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Kazunori Hoshino
Received: 31 March 2017 / Revised: 27 April 2017 / Accepted: 1 May 2017 / Published: 5 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue MEMS Mirrors)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [9305 KB, uploaded 8 May 2017]   |  

Abstract

This paper introduces an optical 2-axis Micro Electro-Mechanical System (MEMS) micromirror actuated by a pair of electrothermal actuators and a set of passive torsion bars. The actuated element is a dual-reflective circular mirror plate of 1 m m in diameter. This inner mirror plate is connected to a rigid frame via a pair of torsion bars in two diametrically opposite ends located on the rotation axis. A pair of electrothermal bimorphs generates a force onto the perpendicular free ends of the mirror plate in the same angular direction. An array of electrothermal bimorph cantilevers deflects the rigid frame around a working angle of 45 for side-view scan. The performed scans reach large mechanical angles of 32 for the frame and 22 for the in-frame mirror. We denote three resonant main modes, pure flexion of the frame at 205 Hz , a pure torsion of the mirror plate at 1.286 kHz and coupled mode of combined flexion and torsion at 1.588 kHz . The micro device was fabricated through successive stacks of materials onto a silicon-on-insulator wafer and the patterned deposition on the back-side of the dual-reflective mirror is achieved through a dry film photoresist photolithography process. View Full-Text
Keywords: optical Micro Electro-Mechanical System (MEMS); Micro Optical Electro-Mechanical System (MOEMS); electrothermal actuation; torsion bar; dry photoresist; dual-reflective mirror; optical coherence tomography optical Micro Electro-Mechanical System (MEMS); Micro Optical Electro-Mechanical System (MOEMS); electrothermal actuation; torsion bar; dry photoresist; dual-reflective mirror; optical coherence tomography
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Tanguy, Q.A.A.; Bargiel, S.; Xie, H.; Passilly, N.; Barthès, M.; Gaiffe, O.; Rutkowski, J.; Lutz, P.; Gorecki, C. Design and Fabrication of a 2-Axis Electrothermal MEMS Micro-Scanner for Optical Coherence Tomography. Micromachines 2017, 8, 146.

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