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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6(3), 1145-1154; doi:10.3390/ijerph6031145
Article

Combined System of Activated Sludge and Ozonation for the Treatment of Kraft E1 Effluent

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 and
Received: 18 February 2009; Accepted: 10 March 2009 / Published: 17 March 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biodegradability and Environmental Sciences)
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Abstract: The treatment of paper mill effluent for COD, TOC, total phenols and color removal was investigated using combined activated sludge-ozonation processes and single processes. The combined activated sludge-O3/pH 10 treatment was able to remove around 80% of COD, TOC and color from Kraft E1 effluent. For the total phenols, the efficiency removal was around 70%. The ozonation post treatment carried out at pH 8.3 also showed better results than the single process. The COD, TOC, color and total phenols removal efficiency obtained were 75.5, 59.1, 77 and 52.3%, respectively. The difference in the concentrations of free radical produced by activated sludge-O3/pH 10 and activated sludge-O3/pH 8.3 affected mainly the TOC and total phenol removal values.
Keywords: Activated sludge; ozonation; combined processes; Kraft E1 effluent Activated sludge; ozonation; combined processes; Kraft E1 effluent
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Assalin, M.R.; Almeida, E.S.; Durán, N. Combined System of Activated Sludge and Ozonation for the Treatment of Kraft E1 Effluent. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6, 1145-1154.

AMA Style

Assalin MR, Almeida ES, Durán N. Combined System of Activated Sludge and Ozonation for the Treatment of Kraft E1 Effluent. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2009; 6(3):1145-1154.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Assalin, Marcia Regina; Almeida, Edna dos Santos; Durán, Nelson. 2009. "Combined System of Activated Sludge and Ozonation for the Treatment of Kraft E1 Effluent." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 6, no. 3: 1145-1154.


Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert