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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6(2), 478-491; doi:10.3390/ijerph6020478
Review

Environmental Impact of Flame Retardants (Persistence and Biodegradability)

1
, 2,*  and 1
Received: 22 January 2009; Accepted: 3 February 2009 / Published: 5 February 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biodegradability and Environmental Sciences)
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Abstract: Flame-retardants (FR) are a group of anthropogenic environmental contaminants used at relatively high concentrations in many applications. Currently, the largest market group of FRs is the brominated flame retardants (BFRs). Many of the BFRs are considered toxic, persistent and bioaccumulative. Bioremediation of contaminated water, soil and sediments is a possible solution for the problem. However, the main problem with this approach is the lack of knowledge concerning appropriate microorganisms, biochemical pathways and operational conditions facilitating degradation of these chemicals at an acceptable rate. This paper reviews and discusses current knowledge and recent developments related to the environmental fate and impact of FRs in natural systems and in engineered treatment processes.
Keywords: Biodegradation; Bioremediation; Brominated flame retardants; Dehalogenation; Flame retardants; Persistence Biodegradation; Bioremediation; Brominated flame retardants; Dehalogenation; Flame retardants; Persistence
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Segev, O.; Kushmaro, A.; Brenner, A. Environmental Impact of Flame Retardants (Persistence and Biodegradability). Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6, 478-491.

AMA Style

Segev O, Kushmaro A, Brenner A. Environmental Impact of Flame Retardants (Persistence and Biodegradability). International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2009; 6(2):478-491.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Segev, Osnat; Kushmaro, Ariel; Brenner, Asher. 2009. "Environmental Impact of Flame Retardants (Persistence and Biodegradability)." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 6, no. 2: 478-491.



Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert