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Notes on the Particulate Matter Standards in the European Union and the Netherlands
OTB Research Institute for Housing, Urban and Mobility Studies / Delft University of Technology / PO Box 5030, 2600 GA Delft, the Netherlands
Faculty of Architecture / Delft University of Technology / PO Box 5043, 2600 GA Delft, the Netherlands
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 December 2008; Accepted: 26 February 2009 / Published: 17 March 2009
Abstract: The distribution of Particulate Matter in the atmosphere, resulting from emissions produced by cars, trucks, ships, industrial estates and agricultural complexes, is a topical public health problem that has increased in recent decades due to environmental factors in advanced economies in particular. This contribution relates the health impact caused by concentrations of Particulate Matter (PM) in ambient air to the PM standards, the size of the particles and spatial planning. Diverging impacts of PM standards in legal regulation are discussed. The authors present a review of the development of legal PM standards in the European Union, with a specific reference to The Netherlands.
Keywords: Particulate Matter; air quality; environmental policy; spatial planning; zoning; European Union
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Priemus, H.; Schutte-Postma, E. Notes on the Particulate Matter Standards in the European Union and the Netherlands. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6, 1155-1173.
Priemus H, Schutte-Postma E. Notes on the Particulate Matter Standards in the European Union and the Netherlands. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2009; 6(3):1155-1173.
Priemus, Hugo; Schutte-Postma, Elizabeth. 2009. "Notes on the Particulate Matter Standards in the European Union and the Netherlands." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 6, no. 3: 1155-1173.