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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10(7), 2906-2919; doi:10.3390/ijerph10072906
Article

The Association of Lone-Motherhood with Smoking Cessation and Relapse: Prospective Results from an Australian National Study

1,* , 1,†
, 1,†
, 1,†
 and 2,†
Received: 20 May 2013; in revised form: 2 July 2013 / Accepted: 3 July 2013 / Published: 12 July 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tobacco Control in Vulnerable Population Groups)
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Abstract: The aims were to examine the association of lone-motherhood with smoking cessation and relapse, and to investigate the extent to which this association was accounted for by socioeconomic status (education, occupation, and income), social support, and mental health. We used data from 10 yearly waves (2001 to 2010) of the Household Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) survey. Response rate in the first wave was 66%. Logistic regression was used to examine the effect of lone-motherhood and other covariates on smoking cessation (n = 2,878) and relapse (n = 3,242). Results showed that the age-adjusted odds of smoking cessation were 32% smaller among lone mothers than partnered mothers (p = 0.004). The age-adjusted odds of relapse was 172% greater among lone mothers than partnered mothers (p < 0.001). We found that socioeconomic status, social support, and mental health account for some of the association of lone motherhood and cessation and relapse. While efforts to reduce the smoking prevalence among lone mothers should focus on their material deprivation, availability of social support, and addressing mental health issues, other factors unique to the lives of lone mothers also need to be taken into account. More research is needed to discover other factors that can explain the association of lone-motherhood and smoking behavior.
Keywords: lone-motherhood; smoking cessation; relapse lone-motherhood; smoking cessation; relapse
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Siahpush, M.; Shaikh, R.A.; Tibbits, M.; Huang, T.T.-K.; Singh, G.K. The Association of Lone-Motherhood with Smoking Cessation and Relapse: Prospective Results from an Australian National Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 2906-2919.

AMA Style

Siahpush M, Shaikh RA, Tibbits M, Huang TT-K, Singh GK. The Association of Lone-Motherhood with Smoking Cessation and Relapse: Prospective Results from an Australian National Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013; 10(7):2906-2919.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Siahpush, Mohammad; Shaikh, Raees A.; Tibbits, Melissa; Huang, Terry T.-K.; Singh, Gopal K. 2013. "The Association of Lone-Motherhood with Smoking Cessation and Relapse: Prospective Results from an Australian National Study." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 10, no. 7: 2906-2919.



Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert