Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10(6), 2471-2499; doi:10.3390/ijerph10062471
Review

HIV-Infected Adolescent, Young Adult and Pregnant Smokers: Important Targets for Effective Tobacco Control Programs

†,* email and email
Division of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, Washington University, 660 South Euclid Avenue, Saint Louis, MO 63110, USA These authors contributed equally to this work.
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 May 2013; in revised form: 5 June 2013 / Accepted: 5 June 2013 / Published: 18 June 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tobacco Control in Vulnerable Population Groups)
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Abstract: Tobacco use is inextricably linked to a number of health risks both in the general and HIV-infected populations. There is, however, a dearth of research on effective tobacco control programs among people living with HIV, and especially among adolescents, young adults and pregnant women, groups with heightened or increased vulnerability secondary to tobacco use. Adolescents and young adults constitute a growing population of persons living with HIV infection. Early and continued tobacco use in this population living with a disease characterized by premature onset multimorbidity and chronic inflammation is of concern. Additionally, there is an increased acuity for tobacco control among HIV-infected pregnant women to reduce pregnancy morbidity and improve fetal outcome. This review will provide an important summary of current knowledge of tobacco use among HIV-infected adolescents, young adults and pregnant women. The effects of tobacco use in these specific populations will be presented and the current state of tobacco control within these populations, assessed.
Keywords: tobacco; smoking; HIV; AIDS; adolescent; young adult; pregnancy

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MDPI and ACS Style

Escota, G.; Önen, N. HIV-Infected Adolescent, Young Adult and Pregnant Smokers: Important Targets for Effective Tobacco Control Programs. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 2471-2499.

AMA Style

Escota G, Önen N. HIV-Infected Adolescent, Young Adult and Pregnant Smokers: Important Targets for Effective Tobacco Control Programs. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013; 10(6):2471-2499.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Escota, Gerome; Önen, Nur. 2013. "HIV-Infected Adolescent, Young Adult and Pregnant Smokers: Important Targets for Effective Tobacco Control Programs." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 10, no. 6: 2471-2499.

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