Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10(7), 2920-2931; doi:10.3390/ijerph10072920
Article

Assessing the Impact of a School Intervention to Promote Students’ Knowledge and Practices on Correct Antibiotic Use

Received: 21 March 2013; in revised form: 24 May 2013 / Accepted: 28 June 2013 / Published: 15 July 2013
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The clinical efficacy of antibiotics depends on their correct use. Widespread ignorance and inappropriate attitudes to antibiotic use have been identified among consumers. In order to improve the knowledge of middle-school students on antibiotics and their correct use, 82 ninth-grade students were enrolled in a teaching activity. The teaching activity consisted of a slide show presentation followed by discussion in a regular class. To evaluate the impact of the teaching activity the students were asked to answer a questionnaire before and after the activity. This study aimed: (1) to evaluate knowledge on the use of antibiotics in students of two schools in the north of Portugal and (2) to evaluate the efficacy of the school intervention in improving students’ knowledge on correct antibiotic use. We found lack of knowledge among students regarding antibiotic spectra and indications and incorrect attitudes in the pre-test. Significant increases in knowledge were observed after implementation of the teaching activity. Knowledge of the correct use of antibiotics for bacterial diseases rather than viral diseases rose from 43% to 76% in the post-test (p < 0.01). Knowledge of the risk of bacterial resistance to antibiotics from their incorrect use rose from 48% to 74% in the post-test (p < 0.05). We believe that it is important to reinforce the teaching activities on microbiology and antibiotic use at the middle school level.
Keywords: antibiotics; knowledge attitudes/practices on antibiotic use; middle-school students; school teaching intervention
PDF Full-text Download PDF Full-Text [242 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014 03:15 CEST]

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Azevedo, M.-M.; Pinheiro, C.; Yaphe, J.; Baltazar, F. Assessing the Impact of a School Intervention to Promote Students’ Knowledge and Practices on Correct Antibiotic Use. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 2920-2931.

AMA Style

Azevedo M-M, Pinheiro C, Yaphe J, Baltazar F. Assessing the Impact of a School Intervention to Promote Students’ Knowledge and Practices on Correct Antibiotic Use. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013; 10(7):2920-2931.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Azevedo, Maria-Manuel; Pinheiro, Céline; Yaphe, John; Baltazar, Fátima. 2013. "Assessing the Impact of a School Intervention to Promote Students’ Knowledge and Practices on Correct Antibiotic Use." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 10, no. 7: 2920-2931.

Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert