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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14(8), 16386-16401; doi:10.3390/ijms140816386
Review

Quorum Sensing in the Squid-Vibrio Symbiosis

 and *
Received: 25 June 2013; in revised form: 24 July 2013 / Accepted: 26 July 2013 / Published: 7 August 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Quorum Sensing Research in Microbial Systems)
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Abstract: Quorum sensing is an intercellular form of communication that bacteria use to coordinate group behaviors such as biofilm formation and the production of antibiotics and virulence factors. The term quorum sensing was originally coined to describe the mechanism underlying the onset of luminescence production in cultures of the marine bacterium Vibrio fischeri. Luminescence and, more generally, quorum sensing are important for V. fischeri to form a mutualistic symbiosis with the Hawaiian bobtail squid, Euprymna scolopes. The symbiosis is established when V. fischeri cells migrate via flagella-based motility from the surrounding seawater into a specialized structure injuvenile squid called the light organ. The cells grow to high cell densities within the light organ where the infection persists over the lifetime of the animal. A hallmark of a successful symbiosis is the luminescence produced by V. fischeri that camouflages the squid at night by eliminating its shadow within the water column. While the regulatory networks governing quorum sensing are critical for properly regulating V. fischeri luminescence within the squid light organ, they also regulate luminescence-independent processes during symbiosis. In this review, we discuss the quorum-sensing network of V. fischeri and highlight its impact at various stages during host colonization.
Keywords: quorum sensing; symbiosis; Vibrio fischeri; Euprymna scolopes; luminescence; motility quorum sensing; symbiosis; Vibrio fischeri; Euprymna scolopes; luminescence; motility
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Verma, S.C.; Miyashiro, T. Quorum Sensing in the Squid-Vibrio Symbiosis. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14, 16386-16401.

AMA Style

Verma SC, Miyashiro T. Quorum Sensing in the Squid-Vibrio Symbiosis. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2013; 14(8):16386-16401.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Verma, Subhash C.; Miyashiro, Tim. 2013. "Quorum Sensing in the Squid-Vibrio Symbiosis." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 14, no. 8: 16386-16401.



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