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Molecules 2014, 19(8), 10755-10802; doi:10.3390/molecules190810755

Metal Complexes Containing Natural and Artificial Radioactive Elements and Their Applications

1
Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Ciudad Universitaria, Monterrey, N.L. C.P. 66450, Mexico
2
Departamento de Ciencias Químico-Biológicas, Universidad de las Américas Puebla, Sta. Catarina Mártir, Cholula, Puebla. C.P. 72810, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 June 2014 / Revised: 9 July 2014 / Accepted: 11 July 2014 / Published: 24 July 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Practical Applications of Metal Complexes)

Abstract

Recent advances (during the 2007–2014 period) in the coordination and organometallic chemistry of compounds containing natural and artificially prepared radionuclides (actinides and technetium), are reviewed. Radioactive isotopes of naturally stable elements are not included for discussion in this work. Actinide and technetium complexes with O-, N-, N,O, N,S-, P-containing ligands, as well π-organometallics are discussed from the view point of their synthesis, properties, and main applications. On the basis of their properties, several mono-, bi-, tri-, tetra- or polydentate ligands have been designed for specific recognition of some particular radionuclides, and can be used in the processes of nuclear waste remediation, i.e., recycling of nuclear fuel and the separation of actinides and fission products from waste solutions or for analytical determination of actinides in solutions; actinide metal complexes are also usefulas catalysts forcoupling gaseous carbon monoxide,as well as antimicrobial and anti-fungi agents due to their biological activity. Radioactive labeling based on the short-lived metastable nuclide technetium-99m (99mTc) for biomedical use as heart, lung, kidney, bone, brain, liver or cancer imaging agents is also discussed. Finally, the promising applications of technetium labeling of nanomaterials, with potential applications as drug transport and delivery vehicles, radiotherapeutic agents or radiotracers for monitoring metabolic pathways, are also described. View Full-Text
Keywords: metal complex; coordination bond; organometallics; radionuclide; labeling; technetium; actinides metal complex; coordination bond; organometallics; radionuclide; labeling; technetium; actinides
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kharissova, O.V.; Méndez-Rojas, M.A.; Kharisov, B.I.; Méndez, U.O.; Martínez, P.E. Metal Complexes Containing Natural and Artificial Radioactive Elements and Their Applications. Molecules 2014, 19, 10755-10802.

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