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Efficient One-Pot Synthesis of 5-Chloromethylfurfural (CMF) from Carbohydrates in Mild Biphasic Systems
Abstract5-Halomethylfurfurals can be considered as platform chemicals of high reactivity making them useful for the preparation of a variety of important compounds. In this study, a one-pot route for the conversion of carbohydrates into 5-chloromethylfurfural (CMF) in a simple and efficient (HCl-H3PO4/CHCl3) biphasic system has been investigated. Monosaccharides such as D-fructose, D-glucose and sorbose, disaccharides such as sucrose and cellobiose and polysaccharides such as cellulose were successfully converted into CMF in satisfactory yields under mild conditions. Our data shows that when using D-fructose the optimum yield of CMF was about 47%. This understanding allowed us to extent our work to biomaterials, such as wood powder and wood pulps with yields of CMF obtained being comparable to those seen with some of the enumerated mono and disaccharides. Overall, the proposed (HCl-H3PO4/CHCl3) optimized biphasic system provides a simple, mild, and cost-effective means to prepare CMF from renewable resources.
Correction (PDF, 180 KB)A correction was published on 22 January 2014 http://www.mdpi.com/1420-3049/19/1/1370 (PDF, 180 KB) The authors would like to make corrections of some errors and omissions in the Introduction section.
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Gao, W.; Li, Y.; Xiang, Z.; Chen, K.; Yang, R.; Argyropoulos, D.S. Efficient One-Pot Synthesis of 5-Chloromethylfurfural (CMF) from Carbohydrates in Mild Biphasic Systems. Molecules 2013, 18, 7675-7685.View more citation formats
Gao W, Li Y, Xiang Z, Chen K, Yang R, Argyropoulos DS. Efficient One-Pot Synthesis of 5-Chloromethylfurfural (CMF) from Carbohydrates in Mild Biphasic Systems. Molecules. 2013; 18(7):7675-7685.Chicago/Turabian Style
Gao, Wenhua; Li, Yiqun; Xiang, Zhouyang; Chen, Kefu; Yang, Rendang; Argyropoulos, Dimitris S. 2013. "Efficient One-Pot Synthesis of 5-Chloromethylfurfural (CMF) from Carbohydrates in Mild Biphasic Systems." Molecules 18, no. 7: 7675-7685.