Molecules 2012, 17(4), 4373-4387; doi:10.3390/molecules17044373
Article

Chemical Characteristics and Antioxidant Properties of Crude Water Soluble Polysaccharides from Four Common Edible Mushrooms

College of Biological and Environmental Engineering, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310032, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 February 2012; in revised form: 6 April 2012 / Accepted: 6 April 2012 / Published: 11 April 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Natural Polysaccharides: Chemistry, Bioactivity and Analysis)
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Abstract: Four crude water soluble polysaccharides, CABP, CAAP, CFVP and CLDP, were isolated from common edible mushrooms, including Agaricus bisporus, Auricularia auricula, Flammulina velutipes and Lentinus edodes, and their chemical characteristics and antioxidant properties were determined. Fourier Transform-infrared analysis showed that the four crude polysaccharides were all composed of β-glycoside linkages. The major monosaccharide compositions were D-galactose, D-glucose and D-mannose for CABP, CAAP and CLDP, while CFVP was found to consist of L-arabinose, D-galactose, D-glucose and D-mannose. The main molecular weight distributions of CABP and the other three polysaccharides were 66.0 × 104 Da, respectively. Antioxidant properties of the four polysaccharides were evaluated in in vitro systems and CABP showed the best antioxidant properties. The studied mushroom species could potentially be used in part of well-balanced diets and as a source of antioxidant compounds.
Keywords: edible mushroom; polysaccharide; chemical characteristics; antioxidant property

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MDPI and ACS Style

He, J.-Z.; Ru, Q.-M.; Dong, D.-D.; Sun, P.-L. Chemical Characteristics and Antioxidant Properties of Crude Water Soluble Polysaccharides from Four Common Edible Mushrooms. Molecules 2012, 17, 4373-4387.

AMA Style

He J-Z, Ru Q-M, Dong D-D, Sun P-L. Chemical Characteristics and Antioxidant Properties of Crude Water Soluble Polysaccharides from Four Common Edible Mushrooms. Molecules. 2012; 17(4):4373-4387.

Chicago/Turabian Style

He, Jin-Zhe; Ru, Qiao-Mei; Dong, Dan-Dan; Sun, Pei-Long. 2012. "Chemical Characteristics and Antioxidant Properties of Crude Water Soluble Polysaccharides from Four Common Edible Mushrooms." Molecules 17, no. 4: 4373-4387.

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