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Molecules 2010, 15(6), 4111-4128; doi:10.3390/molecules15064111
Review

Processing of Polymer Nanocomposites Reinforced with Polysaccharide Nanocrystals

The International School of Paper, Print Media and Biomaterials (Pagora), Grenoble Institute of Technology, BP 65 - 38402 Saint Martin d\'Hères Cedex, France Present address: Departamento de Engenharia Metalurgica e de Materiais, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Coppe, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Received: 12 May 2010 / Revised: 2 June 2010 / Accepted: 7 June 2010 / Published: 8 June 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Macromolecules: Chemistry, Medicinal and Functional Materials)
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Abstract

Aqueous suspensions of polysaccharide (cellulose, chitin or starch) nanocrystals can be prepared by acid hydrolysis of biomass. The main problem with their practical use is related to the homogeneous dispersion of these nanoparticles within a polymeric matrix. Water is the preferred processing medium. A new and interesting way for the processing of polysaccharide nanocrystals-based nanocomposites is their transformation into a co-continuous material through long chain surface chemical modification. It involves the surface chemical modification of the nanoparticles based on the use of grafting agents bearing a reactive end group and a long compatibilizing tail.
Keywords: cellulose; nanocomposites; processing; nanocrystals; whiskers; microfibrils cellulose; nanocomposites; processing; nanocrystals; whiskers; microfibrils
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Dufresne, A. Processing of Polymer Nanocomposites Reinforced with Polysaccharide Nanocrystals. Molecules 2010, 15, 4111-4128.

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