Special Issue "Active and Passive Sensors for Art Diagnostic, Analysis and Investigation"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 August 2008)
Dr. Luca Pezzati
Gruppo Beni Culturali, CNR INO – Istituto Nazionale di Ottica, Largo E. Fermi 6, 50125 Florence, Italy
Phone: +39 055 2308221
Fax: +39 055 2337755
Interests: diagnostic of cultural heritage; scanner for IR reflectography; image processing; interferometry; optical metrology; optical design
Prof. Dr. Brunetto Giovanni Brunetti
Dipartimento di Chimica, Laboratorio di Chimica Generale, Università di Perugia, Via Elce di Sotto, 8, 06123 Perugia, Italy
Phone: +39 075 585 5509
Fax: +39 075 585 5606
Interests: nanoscience; analytical chemistry
Science and technology have become fundamental tools for the preservation of Cultural Heritage. New technologies are developed and used for documentation, study and preservation of works of art, archaeological sites, historical buildings and other relevant objects of cultural interest. This research field has been constantly growing in recent years and now involves many of the disciplinary areas of modern science. The major aim of scientific investigations in art diagnostic is the acquisition and safe storage of reliable information on the studied object. The simple storage of data is in itself a very important tool for preservation. The ideal case would be the acquisition of a complete database containing all the relevant information on the state of the object to be preserved, and very often we cannot even guess on what information will be relevant in years to come.
In modern measuring systems, the measurement scheme often used is the chain “source-object-sensor-computer” for active systems and “object-sensor-computer” for passive ones. Where data are to be recorded, to gather information on a studied object, sensors plays a fundamental role. For instance, the availability of imaging sensors like the CCD opened the way to a number of very important applications in the optical analysis of artworks. The coupling of sensors with digital systems has been another major breakthrough and it is now mandatory both in laboratory and field use.
Diagnostic and restoration projects of masterpieces frequently use many different techniques, requiring the use of many kinds of different sensors. Monitoring the environment conditions of sites, like museums, buildings or archaeological sites, requires wide nets of different sensing devices. The field covered by this special issue is then huge, due to the vastness of the type of information that can be acquired on cultural heritage objects. Contributions are expected in the fields of sensors for physical measurements, for chemical and biological analyses, for environmental monitoring, and for other fields of interest to cultural heritage diagnostics.
- physical sensors
- chemical sensors
- environmental sensors
- sensors for optical analyses
- 3D and tomography, imaging
- colour measurement
- spectral methods
- elemental analysis
- art diagnostics