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Innovative Sensors for Environmental Monitoring in Museums
Istituto di Fisica Applicata “Nello Carrara” (IFAC-CNR), 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Firenze, Italy
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Received: 29 January 2008; Accepted: 18 March 2008 / Published: 22 March 2008
Abstract: Different physical and chemical factors, such as light, temperature, relative humidity, pollutants and so on, can affect works of art on display. Each factor does not act individually, but its effect can be enhanced or accelerated by the presence of other factors. Accordingly, an evaluation of the impact of the whole environment on art objects is recognized as an essential requirement for conservation purposes. To meet the most up-todate guidelines on preventive conservation, in recent years several scientific projects supported by the EC were aimed at developing innovative tools that could complement the standard methods for environmental monitoring in museums. These research projects produced a new generation of passive sensors that are capable of taking into account the overall environmental effects by mimicking in some way the behaviour of real works of art. The main goal of the present paper is to provide a survey of these sensors, which represent a new frontier in the environmental control in museums. Furthermore, the use of optical fibres, as both intrinsic sensors and devices for interrogating sensors, will also be illustrated, and examples of their use in the cultural heritage field will be reported.
Keywords: museum microclimate; environmental sensors; early warning systems; preventive conservation; indoor monitoring.
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MDPI and ACS Style
Bacci, M.; Cucci, C.; Mencaglia, A.A.; Mignani, A.G. Innovative Sensors for Environmental Monitoring in Museums. Sensors 2008, 8, 1984-2005.
Bacci M, Cucci C, Mencaglia AA, Mignani AG. Innovative Sensors for Environmental Monitoring in Museums. Sensors. 2008; 8(3):1984-2005.
Bacci, Mauro; Cucci, Costanza; Mencaglia, Andrea A.; Mignani, Anna G. 2008. "Innovative Sensors for Environmental Monitoring in Museums." Sensors 8, no. 3: 1984-2005.